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Article

Supper Timing and Cardiovascular Mortality: The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study

1
Public Health, Department of Social Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita-shi 565-0871, Japan
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Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia 61511, Egypt
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Department of Internal Medicine, Okanami General Hospital, 1734 Uenokuwachi, Iga-shi 518-0842, Japan
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Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Kita 15 Jo Nishi 7 Chome, Sapporo-shi 060-8638, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Membership of the JACC Study Group is provided in the Acknowledgments.
Academic Editor: Christian Benedict
Nutrients 2021, 13(10), 3389; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103389
Received: 11 August 2021 / Revised: 12 September 2021 / Accepted: 24 September 2021 / Published: 27 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Epidemiology)
Evidence on the role of supper timing in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is limited. In this study, we examined the associations between supper timing and risks of mortality from stroke, coronary heart disease (CHD), and total CVD. A total of 28,625 males and 43,213 females, aged 40 to 79 years, free from CVD and cancers at baseline were involved in this study. Participants were divided into three groups: the early supper group (before 8:00 p.m.), the irregular supper group (time irregular), and the late supper group (after 8:00 p.m.). Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) for stroke, CHD, and total CVD according to the supper time groups. During the 19-year follow-up, we identified 4706 deaths from total CVD. Compared with the early supper group, the multivariable HR of hemorrhagic stroke mortality for the irregular supper group was 1.44 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05–1.97). There was no significant association between supper timing and the risk of mortality from other types of stroke, CHD, and CVD. We found that adopting an irregular supper timing compared with having dinner before 8:00 p.m. was associated with an increased risk of hemorrhagic stroke mortality. View Full-Text
Keywords: cohort study; supper time; chrono-nutrition; stroke; stroke type; cardiovascular disease cohort study; supper time; chrono-nutrition; stroke; stroke type; cardiovascular disease
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, J.; Dong, J.-Y.; Eshak, E.S.; Cui, R.; Shirai, K.; Liu, K.; Sakaniwa, R.; Tamakoshi, A.; Iso, H.; on behalf of the JACC Study Group. Supper Timing and Cardiovascular Mortality: The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3389. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103389

AMA Style

Tang J, Dong J-Y, Eshak ES, Cui R, Shirai K, Liu K, Sakaniwa R, Tamakoshi A, Iso H, on behalf of the JACC Study Group. Supper Timing and Cardiovascular Mortality: The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study. Nutrients. 2021; 13(10):3389. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103389

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tang, Jingyun, Jia-Yi Dong, Ehab S. Eshak, Renzhe Cui, Kokoro Shirai, Keyang Liu, Ryoto Sakaniwa, Akiko Tamakoshi, Hiroyasu Iso, and on behalf of the JACC Study Group. 2021. "Supper Timing and Cardiovascular Mortality: The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study" Nutrients 13, no. 10: 3389. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103389

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