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Article

Dietary Outcomes of the ‘Healthy Youngsters, Healthy Dads’ Randomised Controlled Trial

1
School of Health Sciences, College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing, Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
2
School of Education, College of Human and Social Futures, Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
3
School of Psychology, College of Engineering, Science and Environment, Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
4
Hunter Medical Research Institute, New Lambton Heights, NSW 2305, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rebecca Wyse and Rachel Sutherland
Nutrients 2021, 13(10), 3306; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103306
Received: 19 August 2021 / Revised: 10 September 2021 / Accepted: 20 September 2021 / Published: 22 September 2021
(1) Background: The effect of fathers on dietary intake in preschool-aged children is under-explored. The aims were to: (i) evaluate the efficacy of a family-based lifestyle intervention, Healthy Youngsters, Healthy Dads, on change in dietary intake in fathers and their preschool-aged children post-intervention (10 weeks) and at 9 months follow-up compared to a waitlist control group and (ii) investigate associations in father–child dietary intakes. (2) Methods: Linear mixed models estimated group-by-time effects for all dietary outcomes, measured by food frequency questionnaires. Cohen’s d determined effect sizes, while correlation tests determined associations in father–child dietary intakes. (3) Results: For children, medium group-by-time effects sizes were identified at 10 weeks for sodium intake (d = 0.38) and percentage energy from core foods (d = 0.43), energy-dense, nutrient-poor (EDNP) foods (d = 0.43) and prepacked snacks (d = 0.45). These findings were sustained at 9 months follow-up. For fathers, medium to large, group-by-time effect sizes were identified at 10 weeks for energy intake (d = 0.55), sodium intake (d = 0.64) and percentage energy from core foods (d = 0.49), EDNP foods (d = 0.49), and confectionary (d = 0.36). For all of these dietary variables, except sodium, effects were sustained at 9 months. Moderate to strong associations existed in father–child dietary intakes for some of the dietary variables. (4) Conclusions: Although further research is required, this study provides preliminary support for targeting fathers as agents of change to improve dietary intakes in their preschool-aged children. View Full-Text
Keywords: preschool-aged children; dietary intake; parenting; fathers; intervention preschool-aged children; dietary intake; parenting; fathers; intervention
MDPI and ACS Style

Ashton, L.M.; Morgan, P.J.; Grounds, J.A.; Young, M.D.; Rayward, A.T.; Barnes, A.T.; Pollock, E.R.; Kennedy, S.-L.; Saunders, K.L.; Collins, C.E. Dietary Outcomes of the ‘Healthy Youngsters, Healthy Dads’ Randomised Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3306. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103306

AMA Style

Ashton LM, Morgan PJ, Grounds JA, Young MD, Rayward AT, Barnes AT, Pollock ER, Kennedy S-L, Saunders KL, Collins CE. Dietary Outcomes of the ‘Healthy Youngsters, Healthy Dads’ Randomised Controlled Trial. Nutrients. 2021; 13(10):3306. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103306

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ashton, Lee M., Philip J. Morgan, Jacqueline A. Grounds, Myles D. Young, Anna T. Rayward, Alyce T. Barnes, Emma R. Pollock, Stevie-Lee Kennedy, Kristen L. Saunders, and Clare E. Collins. 2021. "Dietary Outcomes of the ‘Healthy Youngsters, Healthy Dads’ Randomised Controlled Trial" Nutrients 13, no. 10: 3306. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103306

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