Next Article in Journal
A Novel Dietary Intervention Reduces Circulatory Branched-Chain Amino Acids by 50%: A Pilot Study of Relevance for Obesity and Diabetes
Next Article in Special Issue
The Role of Fetal, Infant, and Childhood Nutrition in the Timing of Sexual Maturation
Previous Article in Journal
The Role of Nutritional Factors and Intestinal Microbiota in Rheumatoid Arthritis Development
Previous Article in Special Issue
Assessing Orthorexia Nervosa: Validation of the Polish Version of the Eating Habits Questionnaire in a General Population Sample
Article

Have Lifestyle Habits and Psychological Well-Being Changed among Adolescents and Medical Students Due to COVID-19 Lockdown in Croatia?

1
University Postgraduate Doctoral Study Program Evidence-Based Medicine, University of Split School of Medicine, 21000 Split, Croatia
2
University Department for Health Studies, University of Split, 21000 Split, Croatia
3
Department of Public Health, University of Split School of Medicine, 21000 Split, Croatia
4
ENT Clinic, University Clinical Hospital Mostar, Bijeli Brijeg B.B., 88000 Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
5
Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Laboratory, Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
6
Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Service, Unit of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, ICS Maugeri IRCCS, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2021, 13(1), 97; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010097
Received: 26 November 2020 / Revised: 18 December 2020 / Accepted: 27 December 2020 / Published: 30 December 2020
Objective: To investigate dietary habits, sleep and psychological well-being of adolescents and medical students during COVID-19 lockdown in Split, Croatia. Methods: We surveyed 1326 students during 2018 and 2019, and compared their responses with 531 students enrolled in May 2020. Perceived stress, quality of life (QoL), happiness, anxiety, and optimism were assessed as proxies of psychological well-being, using general linear modelling. Results: We found no substantial differences in dietary pattern between pre-lockdown and lockdown periods, including the overall Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence. However, the MD pattern changed, showing increased adherence to the MD pyramid for fruit, legumes, fish, and sweets, while cereals, nuts, and dairy intake decreased during COVID-19 lockdown. A third of students reported weight loss during lockdown, 19% reported weight gain, while physical activity remained rather stable. The most prominent change was feeling refreshed after a night’s sleep, reported by 31.5% of students during lockdown vs. 8.5% before; median length of sleep duration increased by 1.5 h. Lockdown significantly affected QoL, happiness, optimism (all p < 0.001), and perceived stress in students (p = 0.005). MD adherence was positively correlated with QoL and study time, and negatively with TV and mobile phone use in pre-lockdown period (all p < 0.001). Interestingly, higher MD adherence was correlated with less perceived hardship and greater happiness and QoL during lockdown. Conclusion: These insights provide valuable information for tailored interventions aimed at maintaining healthy lifestyle in young population. Given the numerous beneficial effects associated with MD adherence, modification of lifestyle through application of lifestyle medicine deserves a priority approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: lifestyle; Mediterranean diet; sedentary behavior; sleep; physiological stress; adolescent health; medical students; life change events; COVID-19; epidemic lifestyle; Mediterranean diet; sedentary behavior; sleep; physiological stress; adolescent health; medical students; life change events; COVID-19; epidemic
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Dragun, R.; Veček, N.N.; Marendić, M.; Pribisalić, A.; Đivić, G.; Cena, H.; Polašek, O.; Kolčić, I. Have Lifestyle Habits and Psychological Well-Being Changed among Adolescents and Medical Students Due to COVID-19 Lockdown in Croatia? Nutrients 2021, 13, 97. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010097

AMA Style

Dragun R, Veček NN, Marendić M, Pribisalić A, Đivić G, Cena H, Polašek O, Kolčić I. Have Lifestyle Habits and Psychological Well-Being Changed among Adolescents and Medical Students Due to COVID-19 Lockdown in Croatia? Nutrients. 2021; 13(1):97. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010097

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dragun, Ružica, Nikolina N. Veček, Mario Marendić, Ajka Pribisalić, Gabrijela Đivić, Hellas Cena, Ozren Polašek, and Ivana Kolčić. 2021. "Have Lifestyle Habits and Psychological Well-Being Changed among Adolescents and Medical Students Due to COVID-19 Lockdown in Croatia?" Nutrients 13, no. 1: 97. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010097

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop