Next Article in Journal
Factors in Early Feeding Practices That May Influence Growth and the Challenges That Arise in Growth Outcomes Research
Previous Article in Journal
Carbohydrate Intake in Early Childhood and Body Composition and Metabolic Health: Results from the Generation R Study
Open AccessArticle

Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations Are Associated with Mental Health and Psychosocial Stress in Young Adults

1
Georgia Prevention Institute, Department of Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
2
Department of Nursing Operating, College of Nursing, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
3
College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
4
Section of Cardio-Renal Physiology and Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
5
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(7), 1938; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071938
Received: 28 May 2020 / Revised: 25 June 2020 / Accepted: 26 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Micronutrients and Human Health)
We aimed to test the hypothesis that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D) concentration is associated with mental health and life stress measures in young adults and investigate gender and racial disparities in these associations. This study comprised 327 black and white participants. Depression, trait anxiety, perceived stress, and hostility were measured by the following validated instruments: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Cook–Medley Hostility Scale (CMHS). Linear regression was used to estimate correlations between serum 25(OH)D concentration and mental health measurements in the total population and in subgroups stratified by gender and race. In this sample (28.2 ± 3.1 years, 52% female, 53% black), serum 25(OH)D concentration was negatively related to BDI, STAI, PSS, total CMHS score, and the majority of CMHS subscale scores (p-values < 0.05). Stratified by gender, most of these associations remained significant only in women (p-values < 0.05). Stratified by race, higher 25(OH)D concentrations in white participants were significantly related to lower BDI, STAI, PSS, and CMHS-cynicism subscales (p-values < 0.05); 25(OH)D concentrations in the black participants were only inversely associated with CMHS and most CMHS subscales (p-values < 0.05) but not with BDI, STAI, and PSS. We present novel findings of consistent inverse relationships between serum 25(OH)D concentration and various measures of mental health and life stress. Long-term interventional studies are warranted in order to investigate the roles of vitamin D supplementation in the prevention and mitigation of depression, anxiety, and psychological stress in young adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: 25-hydroxyvitamin D3; depression; anxiety; perceived stress; hostility 25-hydroxyvitamin D3; depression; anxiety; perceived stress; hostility
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, L.; Zhu, H.; Harshfield, G.A.; Treiber, F.A.; Pollock, J.S.; Pollock, D.; Okereke, O.I.; Su, S.; Dong, Y. Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations Are Associated with Mental Health and Psychosocial Stress in Young Adults. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1938.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop