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Analysis of Sports Supplements Consumption in Young Spanish Elite Dinghy Sailors

GALENO Research Group, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cádiz, 11519 Puerto Real, Spain
Biomedical Research and Innovation Institute of Cádiz (INiBICA) Research Unit, 11519 Cádiz, Spain
Collegue of Health Sciences of Isabel I University, Isabel I University, 09004 Burgos, Spain
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
Department of Human Motricity and Sports Performance, University of Seville, 41013 Seville, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(4), 993;
Received: 13 March 2020 / Revised: 31 March 2020 / Accepted: 1 April 2020 / Published: 3 April 2020
The sports performance of dinghy sailors is determined by their state of nutrition and hydration. Sports supplementation plays a prominent role in elite sailors, being essential in periods of competition due to its characteristics. This study aims to analyze the consumption of sports supplements (SS) in the different categories and groups of sailors based on the level of evidence, differentiating according to sex, competitive level, and type of boat. A total of 42 sailors from national and international levels and belonging to the Laser, 420, Techno-293 and RS:X classes participated in this study. They completed a questionnaire with questions about the consumption of SS and the possible repercussions on health and/or sports performance. The results were analyzed based on the different categorizations and group organization recently established by the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS), as well as by sex, level of competition and class to which the participants belonged. The male sailors and those who competed internationally had a higher prevalence in the consumption of SS. Among the classes of vessels studied, class 420 had the lowest SS consumption. SS intake was higher during competition days, regardless of sex or level of competition. Based on the classification established by the AIS, statistically significant differences were observed in sex, level of competition, and the type of boat. View Full-Text
Keywords: sports performance; nutrition; hydration; ergogenic aids; nautical sport sports performance; nutrition; hydration; ergogenic aids; nautical sport
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MDPI and ACS Style

Caraballo, I.; Domínguez, R.; Guerra-Hernandez, E.J.; Sánchez-Oliver, A.J. Analysis of Sports Supplements Consumption in Young Spanish Elite Dinghy Sailors. Nutrients 2020, 12, 993.

AMA Style

Caraballo I, Domínguez R, Guerra-Hernandez EJ, Sánchez-Oliver AJ. Analysis of Sports Supplements Consumption in Young Spanish Elite Dinghy Sailors. Nutrients. 2020; 12(4):993.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Caraballo, Israel, Raúl Domínguez, Eduardo J. Guerra-Hernandez, and Antonio J. Sánchez-Oliver. 2020. "Analysis of Sports Supplements Consumption in Young Spanish Elite Dinghy Sailors" Nutrients 12, no. 4: 993.

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