Next Article in Journal
Modulation of Cellular Biochemistry, Epigenetics and Metabolomics by Ketone Bodies. Implications of the Ketogenic Diet in the Physiology of the Organism and Pathological States
Previous Article in Journal
Intradialytic Nutrition and Hemodialysis Prescriptions: A Personalized Stepwise Approach
Article

Is Adolescents’ Food Intake Associated with Exposure to the Food Intake of Their Mothers and Best Friends?

Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University; P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(3), 786; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030786
Received: 13 February 2020 / Revised: 6 March 2020 / Accepted: 14 March 2020 / Published: 17 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
Both mothers’ and best friends’ food intake are associated with adolescents’ food intake, but they are rarely investigated simultaneously. In this study, we tested the associations of mothers’ and best friends’ food intake with adolescents’ intake of unhealthy and healthy food, obtained from home and from outside the home, and the moderating role of adolescents’ exposure to their food intake. Participants included 667 adolescents (53% female, Mage = 12.9) and 396 of their mothers. Within this adolescent sample, 378 best friend dyads were identified. All participants completed food frequency questionnaires. Mothers separately reported on their food intake in the presence and absence of their child, and adolescents indicated how often they ate and drank together with their best friend during school breaks. Mothers’, but not best friends’, food intake was positively related to adolescents’ intake of unhealthy and healthy food obtained from home and healthy food obtained from outside the home. Exposure to mothers’ healthy food intake magnified mother-child similarities in healthy food intake. Exposure to best friends’ intake of unhealthy food moderated adolescent-friend similarities in unhealthy food intake. Future work should assess the mechanisms that underlie these similarities, and should investigate these associations over time and in later developmental periods. View Full-Text
Keywords: food intake; snacking; adolescents; parents; peers food intake; snacking; adolescents; parents; peers
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

van den Broek, N.; Larsen, J.K.; Verhagen, M.; Burk, W.J.; Vink, J.M. Is Adolescents’ Food Intake Associated with Exposure to the Food Intake of Their Mothers and Best Friends? Nutrients 2020, 12, 786. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030786

AMA Style

van den Broek N, Larsen JK, Verhagen M, Burk WJ, Vink JM. Is Adolescents’ Food Intake Associated with Exposure to the Food Intake of Their Mothers and Best Friends? Nutrients. 2020; 12(3):786. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030786

Chicago/Turabian Style

van den Broek, Nina; Larsen, Junilla. K.; Verhagen, Maaike; Burk, William J.; Vink, Jacqueline M. 2020. "Is Adolescents’ Food Intake Associated with Exposure to the Food Intake of Their Mothers and Best Friends?" Nutrients 12, no. 3: 786. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030786

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop