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Open AccessArticle

Improved Nutritional Knowledge in the Obese Adult Population Modifies Eating Habits and Serum and Anthropometric Markers

1
Department of Nursing, Universidad Católica de Valencia San Vicente Mártir, 46007 Valencia, Spain
2
Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, 46026 Valencia, Spain
3
Department of Physiotherapy, Universitat de València, 46010 Valencia, Spain
4
Frailty and Cognitive Impairment Research Group (FROG), Universitat de València, 46010 Valencia, Spain
5
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Universitat de València, 46010 Valencia, Spain
6
Department of Basic Sciences, Universidad Católica de Valencia San Vicente Mártir, 46007 Valencia, Spain
7
Department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Universidad Católica de Valencia San Vicente Mártir, 46007 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Nutrients 2020, 12(11), 3355; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113355
Received: 7 October 2020 / Revised: 23 October 2020 / Accepted: 27 October 2020 / Published: 30 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrients, Metabolism and Obesity Prevention)
Multicomponent lifestyle interventions achieve good results in the management of obesity among the adult population. However, their implementation in certain populations poses difficulties. A good level of nutritional knowledge enables people to make changes in their diet that improve their health. This study aims to assess the relationship between nutritional knowledge and nutritional parameters such as dietary intake, anthropometric parameters and biomarkers. A before–after, non-randomized interventional study involving a two-monthly nutritional educational intervention was carried out over 8 months. Anthropometric and biomarker data were collected, and nutritional knowledge was evaluated using the Bach questionnaire and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The study comprised 66 overweight and obese adults with mean age of 50.23 years. Females predominated (84.8%). At the end of the intervention, nutritional knowledge increased significantly, with a significant reduction in the consumption of sweets, soft drinks, high-fat products, and processed meats, and an increase in the intake of lean meat and poultry. A 3% decrease in body weight was observed. An intervention for the management of obesity in the adult population based on nutritional education achieves weight loss, modifications in eating habits and reduction of fat intake. Increased nutritional knowledge is associated with healthier eating habits and a decreased cardiovascular risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; diet; energy expenditure; macronutrients; micronutrients; health knowledge; attitudes obesity; diet; energy expenditure; macronutrients; micronutrients; health knowledge; attitudes
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MDPI and ACS Style

López-Hernández, L.; Martínez-Arnau, F.M.; Pérez-Ros, P.; Drehmer, E.; Pablos, A. Improved Nutritional Knowledge in the Obese Adult Population Modifies Eating Habits and Serum and Anthropometric Markers. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3355. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113355

AMA Style

López-Hernández L, Martínez-Arnau FM, Pérez-Ros P, Drehmer E, Pablos A. Improved Nutritional Knowledge in the Obese Adult Population Modifies Eating Habits and Serum and Anthropometric Markers. Nutrients. 2020; 12(11):3355. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113355

Chicago/Turabian Style

López-Hernández, Lourdes; Martínez-Arnau, Francisco M.; Pérez-Ros, Pilar; Drehmer, Eraci; Pablos, Ana. 2020. "Improved Nutritional Knowledge in the Obese Adult Population Modifies Eating Habits and Serum and Anthropometric Markers" Nutrients 12, no. 11: 3355. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113355

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