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Article

Trends in Intake of Energy and Total Sugar from Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in the United States among Children and Adults, NHANES 2003–2016

1
Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, 114 Doughty Street, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
2
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
3
Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, 135 Cannon Street, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(9), 2004; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092004
Received: 26 July 2019 / Revised: 21 August 2019 / Accepted: 22 August 2019 / Published: 25 August 2019
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) increases total caloric intake, is linked to cardiometabolic outcomes as well as dental caries, and sugar in SSBs is associated with mortality and frailty among adults. We describe energy and total sugar intake trends among the United States (US) population from SSBs, soft drinks, other beverage groups, and the total diet based on the first 24-h recall data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cycles (2003–2004 through 2015–2016). SSBs included soft drinks, sports drinks, energy drinks, and fruit drinks, but excluded sports beverages with protein and sweetened teas/coffees. Among the total population (age ≥2 years: 57,026), energy intake from SSBs declined significantly from 183.9 ± 6.9 mean kcal/d (±SE) in 2003–2004 to 95.0 ± 3.5 in 2015–2016, while total sugar intake declined from 43.6 ± 1.7 mean g/d to 22.3 ± 0.8 (p-trend < 0.0001). Decreases were found for energy and total sugar intake, as well as percentage of energy and total sugar intake from SSBs, soft drinks, and all beverages for all age groups examined (≥2, 2–19, ≥20 years) (p-trend < 0.0001). From 2003 to 2016, energy and sugar intake from all beverages, SSBs, soft drinks, and the total diet decreased among the total population, children, and adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: NHANES; SSBs; energy; total sugar; trends; children; adults NHANES; SSBs; energy; total sugar; trends; children; adults
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marriott, B.P.; Hunt, K.J.; Malek, A.M.; Newman, J.C. Trends in Intake of Energy and Total Sugar from Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in the United States among Children and Adults, NHANES 2003–2016. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2004. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092004

AMA Style

Marriott BP, Hunt KJ, Malek AM, Newman JC. Trends in Intake of Energy and Total Sugar from Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in the United States among Children and Adults, NHANES 2003–2016. Nutrients. 2019; 11(9):2004. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marriott, Bernadette P., Kelly J. Hunt, Angela M. Malek, and Jill C. Newman 2019. "Trends in Intake of Energy and Total Sugar from Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in the United States among Children and Adults, NHANES 2003–2016" Nutrients 11, no. 9: 2004. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092004

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