Next Article in Journal
A Mediterranean Diet Model in Australia: Strategies for Translating the Traditional Mediterranean Diet into a Multicultural Setting
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Intragastric Administration of Tryptophan on the Blood Glucose Response to a Nutrient Drink and Energy Intake, in Lean and Obese Men
Open AccessArticle

Dietary Patterns Associated with Cognitive Function among the Older People in Underdeveloped Regions: Finding from the NCDFaC Study

1
National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Nanwei Road, Xicheng District, Beijing 100050, China
2
Division of Non-Communicable Diseases Control and Community Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 155 Changbai Road, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China
3
Shanxi Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 8 Xiaonanguan Street, Taiyuan 030012, China
4
Linyi Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 1159 Shuangtanan Road, Linyi 044100, China
5
Duke Molecular Physiology Institute and Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, 300 North Duke St, Durham, NC 27701, USA
6
National Center for Chronic and Non-Communicable Diseases Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Nanwei Road, Xicheng District, Beijing 100050, China
7
College of Biochemical Engineering, Beijing Union University, 18 Zone three, Fatouxili, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(4), 464; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10040464
Received: 1 February 2018 / Revised: 30 March 2018 / Accepted: 30 March 2018 / Published: 9 April 2018
Although dietary patterns are crucial to cognitive function, associations of dietary patterns with cognitive function have not yet been fully understood. This cross-sectional study explored dietary patterns associated with cognitive function among the older adults in underdeveloped regions, using 1504 community-dwelling older adults aged 60 and over. Diet was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and 24-h dietary recall. Factor analysis was used to extract dietary patterns. Global cognitive function was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Two dietary patterns, a “mushroom, vegetable, and fruits” (MVF) pattern and a “meat and soybean products” (MS) pattern, were identified. The MVF pattern, characterized by high consumption of mushrooms, vegetables, and fruits was significantly positively associated with cognitive function (p < 0.05), with an odds ratio of (95% CIs) 0.60 (0.38, 0.94) for cognitive impairment and β (95% CIs) 0.15 (0.02, 0.29) for –log (31-MMSE score). The MS pattern, characterized by high consumption of soybean products and meat, was also associated with better cognitive function, with an odds ratio of 0.47 (95% CIs 0.30, 0.74) for cognitive impairment and β (95% CIs) 0.34 (0.21, 0.47) for –log (31-MMSE score). Our results suggested that both the MVF and MS patterns were positively associated with better cognitive function among older adults in underdeveloped regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary pattern; cognitive function; factor analysis; older adults dietary pattern; cognitive function; factor analysis; older adults
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Yin, Z.; Chen, J.; Zhang, J.; Ren, Z.; Dong, K.; Kraus, V.B.; Wang, Z.; Zhang, M.; Zhai, Y.; Song, P.; Zhao, Y.; Pang, S.; Mi, S.; Zhao, W. Dietary Patterns Associated with Cognitive Function among the Older People in Underdeveloped Regions: Finding from the NCDFaC Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 464.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop