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Nutrients 2018, 10(12), 1930; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121930

Calcium Intake in Bone Health: A Focus on Calcium-Rich Mineral Waters

1
Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy
2
Department of Neurosciences, Psychology, Drug Research, and Child Health (Section of Psychology), University of Florence, Via di San Salvi 12, 50139 Florence, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 October 2018 / Revised: 26 November 2018 / Accepted: 30 November 2018 / Published: 5 December 2018
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Abstract

Calcium is an essential element that plays numerous biological functions in the human body, of which one of the most important is skeleton mineralization. Bone is a mineralized connective tissue in which calcium represents the major component, conferring bone strength and structure. Proper dietary calcium intake is important for bone development and metabolism, and its requirement can vary throughout life. The mineral composition of drinking water is becoming relevant in the modulation of calcium homeostasis. In fact, calcium present in mineral drinking waters is an important quantitative source of calcium intake. This, together with its excellent bioavailability, contributes to the maintenance of the bone health. This article aims to examine studies that assessed the bioavailability of the calcium contained in calcium-rich mineral waters and their impact on bone health, including original data collected in a recent study in humans. View Full-Text
Keywords: Calcium; mineral water; calcium-rich water; bone metabolism; calcium homeostasis Calcium; mineral water; calcium-rich water; bone metabolism; calcium homeostasis
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Vannucci, L.; Fossi, C.; Quattrini, S.; Guasti, L.; Pampaloni, B.; Gronchi, G.; Giusti, F.; Romagnoli, C.; Cianferotti, L.; Marcucci, G.; Brandi, M.L. Calcium Intake in Bone Health: A Focus on Calcium-Rich Mineral Waters. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1930.

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