Next Article in Journal
Association between Diet-Quality Scores, Adiposity, Total Cholesterol and Markers of Nutritional Status in European Adults: Findings from the Food4Me Study
Previous Article in Journal
Considerations for Secondary Prevention of Nutritional Deficiencies in High-Risk Groups in High-Income Countries
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2018, 10(1), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10010050

Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Use among Korean Adults: Baseline Data from the Trace Element Study of Korean Adults in Yeungnam Area

Department of Food and Nutrition, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38541, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 November 2017 / Revised: 21 December 2017 / Accepted: 3 January 2018 / Published: 6 January 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [652 KB, uploaded 6 January 2018]   |  

Abstract

Although dietary supplement use is believed to improve health status, the efficacy and safety of its use remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of consumption of vitamin and mineral supplements (VMS) to the total micronutrient intake. Study participants (n = 586) were selected from the ongoing prospective cohort study of the Korean population, and baseline information on current use of dietary supplements, types of supplements, frequency of use, dosage, duration, and brand name was collected. Dietary information was assessed using a 146-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Approximately one-fourth of the participants were categorized as VMS users. The proportion of VMS use was significantly higher in women (p = 0.02), older participants (p = 0.002), and those with a higher income level (p = 0.03) than in non-users. All vitamin and mineral intakes of both groups met the recommended nutrient intake levels by food consumption alone, except for riboflavin, calcium, and magnesium. Approximately 0.7–3.4% of the VMS users had nutrient intake levels that exceeded the tolerable upper intake levels for vitamin A, E, C, iron, and iodine. Excessive use of VMS can lead to an increased risk for adverse health effects. The results of this study provide useful baseline data for establishing guidelines for the appropriate consumption and adequate intake levels of VMS. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary supplements; vitamins; minerals; Koreans; nutrient intake; recommended dietary intake dietary supplements; vitamins; minerals; Koreans; nutrient intake; recommended dietary intake
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, M.; Lee, Y.; Park, K. Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Use among Korean Adults: Baseline Data from the Trace Element Study of Korean Adults in Yeungnam Area. Nutrients 2018, 10, 50.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top