Next Article in Journal
Estimating Terrain Slope from ICESat-2 Data in Forest Environments
Next Article in Special Issue
Multidimensional Assessment of Food Provisioning Ecosystem Services Using Remote Sensing and Agricultural Statistics
Previous Article in Journal
A Novel Method for River Bank Detection from Landsat Satellite Data: A Case Study in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta
Previous Article in Special Issue
Regression Analysis of Subsidence in the Como Basin (Northern Italy): New Insights on Natural and Anthropic Drivers from InSAR Data
Open AccessArticle

Magnetospheric–Ionospheric–Lithospheric Coupling Model. 1: Observations during the 5 August 2018 Bayan Earthquake

1
I.N.F.N.—Department of Physics, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, 00133 Rome, Italy
2
Institute of Complex Systems, ISC-CNR, 50019 Florence, Italy
3
Department of Physics, University of Trento, 38123 Trento, Italy
4
Physics Department, Universitá della Calabria, 87036 Cosenza, Italy
5
I.N.A.F.–I.A.P.S., Via del Fosso del Cavaliere, 00133 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(20), 3299; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12203299
Received: 26 August 2020 / Revised: 1 October 2020 / Accepted: 3 October 2020 / Published: 11 October 2020
The short-term prediction of earthquakes is an essential issue connected with human life protection and related social and economic matters. Recent papers have provided some evidence of the link between the lithosphere, lower atmosphere, and ionosphere, even though with marginal statistical evidence. The basic coupling is hypothesized as being via the atmospheric gravity wave (AGW)/acoustic wave (AW) channel. In this paper we analyze a scenario of the low latitude earthquake (Mw = 6.9) which occurred in Indonesia on 5 August 2018, through a multi-instrumental approach, using ground and satellites high quality data. As a result, we derive a new analytical lithospheric–atmospheric–ionospheric–magnetospheric coupling model with the aim to provide quantitative indicators to interpret the observations around 6 h before and at the moment of the earthquake occurrence. View Full-Text
Keywords: earthquake; short-term earthquake prediction; atmospheric gravity waves; ionospheric irregularities; lithosphere–atmosphere–ionosphere–magnetosphere coupling; analytical model earthquake; short-term earthquake prediction; atmospheric gravity waves; ionospheric irregularities; lithosphere–atmosphere–ionosphere–magnetosphere coupling; analytical model
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Piersanti, M.; Materassi, M.; Battiston, R.; Carbone, V.; Cicone, A.; D’Angelo, G.; Diego, P.; Ubertini, P. Magnetospheric–Ionospheric–Lithospheric Coupling Model. 1: Observations during the 5 August 2018 Bayan Earthquake. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 3299. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12203299

AMA Style

Piersanti M, Materassi M, Battiston R, Carbone V, Cicone A, D’Angelo G, Diego P, Ubertini P. Magnetospheric–Ionospheric–Lithospheric Coupling Model. 1: Observations during the 5 August 2018 Bayan Earthquake. Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(20):3299. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12203299

Chicago/Turabian Style

Piersanti, Mirko; Materassi, Massimo; Battiston, Roberto; Carbone, Vincenzo; Cicone, Antonio; D’Angelo, Giulia; Diego, Piero; Ubertini, Pietro. 2020. "Magnetospheric–Ionospheric–Lithospheric Coupling Model. 1: Observations during the 5 August 2018 Bayan Earthquake" Remote Sens. 12, no. 20: 3299. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12203299

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop