Micro-nano satellites have provided a large amount of remote sensing images for many earth observation applications. However, the hysteresis of satellite-ground mutual communication of massive remote sensing images and the low efficiency of traditional information processing flow have become the bottlenecks for the further development of micro-nano satellites. To solve this problem, this paper proposes an on-board ship detection scheme based on deep learning and Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) component, which can be used to achieve near real-time on-board processing by micro-nano satellite computing platform. The on-board ship detection algorithm based on deep learning consists of a feature extraction network, Region Proposal Network (RPN) with square anchors, Global Average Pooling (GAP), and Bigger-Left Non-Maximum Suppression (BL-NMS). With the help of high performance COTS components, the proposed scheme can extract target patches and valuable information from remote sensing images quickly and accurately. A ground demonstration and verification system is built to verify the feasibility and effectiveness of our scheme. Our method achieves the performance with 95.9% recall and 80.5% precision in our dataset. Experimental results show that the scheme has a good application prospect in micro-nano satellites with limited power and computing resources.
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