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The Sustainable and Healthy Communities Research Program: The Environmental Protection Agency’s Research Approach to Assisting Community Decision-Making

National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Gulf Ecology Division, 1 Sabine Island Drive, Gulf Breeze, FL 32561, USA
Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 109 TW Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
Environmental Protection Agency, National Center for Environmental Assessment, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave NW, Washington, DC 20460, USA
Environmental Protection Agency, 26 W. Martin Luther King Blvd., Cincinnati, OH 45268, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2014, 6(1), 306-318;
Received: 2 December 2013 / Revised: 20 December 2013 / Accepted: 27 December 2013 / Published: 7 January 2014
PDF [629 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]


A sustainable world is one in which human needs are met equitably and without sacrificing the ability of future generations to meet their needs on environmental, economic, and social fronts. The United States (U.S.) Environmental Protection Agency’s Sustainable and Healthy Communities Research Program aims to assist communities (large and small) to make decisions for their long term sustainability with respect to the three pillars of human well-being—environmental, economic and social—and are tempered in a way that ensures social equity, environmental justice and intergenerational equity. The primary tool being developed by the Sustainable and Healthy Communities (SHC) research program to enhance sustainable decision making is called TRIO (Total Resources Impacts and Outcomes). The conceptual development of this tool and the SHC program attributes are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; decision making; community; TRIO sustainability; decision making; community; TRIO

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Summers, K.; McCullough, M.; Smith, E.; Gwinn, M.; Kremer, F.; Sjogren, M.; Geller, A.; Slimak, M. The Sustainable and Healthy Communities Research Program: The Environmental Protection Agency’s Research Approach to Assisting Community Decision-Making. Sustainability 2014, 6, 306-318.

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