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Open AccessArticle

Fostering Circular Economy Through the Analysis of Existing Open Access Industrial Symbiosis Databases

INGEPRO Research Group, Department of Transport and Projects and Processes Technology, University of Cantabria, 39005 Santander, Spain
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Sustainability 2020, 12(3), 952; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12030952
Received: 3 January 2020 / Revised: 22 January 2020 / Accepted: 23 January 2020 / Published: 28 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Industrial Symbiosis and Sustainability)
Digital evolution underwent great progress in the late 20th century, democratizing the use of the Internet and, therefore, access to public sources of information. This technological shift caused great impacts on different fields, including Industrial Symbiosis (IS). IS stems from the concept of Circular Economy and requires well-structured information to encourage waste reuse. Under these premises, this investigation aimed at processing and analyzing existing open-access IS databases from several perspectives, including types of business areas, waste and new uses involved. In addition, existing IS data were explored with the support of different tools, such as correspondence, network and correlation analyses. The application of this methodology to a set of 496 shortlisted IS exchanges led to several findings, highlighting the strong relationship between metallurgy and the production of cement, the key role played by the electricity production sector both as a donor and a recipient, the versatility of the agriculture area due to their capacity for reusing a variety of waste as fertilizers and the importance of chemical products and steam and hot water as new uses. Overall, these results provide companies with efficient and understandable knowledge to donate or receive materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: business sector; circular economy; donor company; industrial symbiosis; raw materials; recipient company; resource exchange; synergy; waste business sector; circular economy; donor company; industrial symbiosis; raw materials; recipient company; resource exchange; synergy; waste
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jato-Espino, D.; Ruiz-Puente, C. Fostering Circular Economy Through the Analysis of Existing Open Access Industrial Symbiosis Databases. Sustainability 2020, 12, 952. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12030952

AMA Style

Jato-Espino D, Ruiz-Puente C. Fostering Circular Economy Through the Analysis of Existing Open Access Industrial Symbiosis Databases. Sustainability. 2020; 12(3):952. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12030952

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jato-Espino, Daniel; Ruiz-Puente, Carmen. 2020. "Fostering Circular Economy Through the Analysis of Existing Open Access Industrial Symbiosis Databases" Sustainability 12, no. 3: 952. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12030952

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