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Air Pollution and Mental Health of Older Adults in China

by 1,* and 2
1
Department of Economics, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, 65409 MO, USA
2
Trulaske College of Business, University of Missouri, Columbia, 65211 MO, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(3), 950; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12030950
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 24 January 2020 / Accepted: 26 January 2020 / Published: 28 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
In this paper, we explore the association between air pollution and the mental health and depression of older adults in China. Along with the rapid economic development, concerns about air pollution and recognition of the importance of mental health have risen remarkably in China. Although no firm evidence of an association between air pollution and overall mental health has been found, the results show significant evidence of a positive relationship between air pollution and depression. Moreover, we observe the presence of concerns about environmental inequality, as people are more sensitive to contaminations caused by pollutants with high variation in densities across counties, such as PM2.5, PM10, and SO2. Although O3 has a high average absolute density, the impact on mental health is low due to the limited variations nationwide. Physical fitness, gender, relative income, marital status, and social contacts are also found to be related to mental health and depression of older adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; older adults; mental health; depression air pollution; older adults; mental health; depression
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, Y.; Liu, J. Air Pollution and Mental Health of Older Adults in China. Sustainability 2020, 12, 950. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12030950

AMA Style

Zhou Y, Liu J. Air Pollution and Mental Health of Older Adults in China. Sustainability. 2020; 12(3):950. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12030950

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhou, Yishu, and Jingyi Liu. 2020. "Air Pollution and Mental Health of Older Adults in China" Sustainability 12, no. 3: 950. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12030950

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