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Open AccessArticle

Investigating the Influence of Meteorological Parameters on the Accuracy of Sea-Level Prediction Models in Sabah, Malaysia

1
Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN), Jalan Ikram-UNITEN, Kajang 43000, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
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Institute for Energy Infrastructure (IEI), Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN), Kajang 43000, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
3
Institute of Sustainable Energy (ISE), Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN), Kajang 43000, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
4
Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya (UM), Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Civil Engineering Department, Giza High Institute for Engineering and Technology, Giza 12611, Egypt
7
Water Research Center, United Arab Emirate University, Al Ain 15551, UAE
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(3), 1193; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031193
Received: 16 August 2019 / Revised: 11 October 2019 / Accepted: 16 October 2019 / Published: 7 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Development of Seaports)
This study aims to investigate the impact of meteorological parameters such as wind direction, wind speed, rainfall, and mean cloud cover on sea-level rise projections for different time horizons—2019, 2023, 2028, 2048, and 2068—at three stations located in Kudat, Sandakan, and Kota Kinabalu, which are districts in the state of Sabah, Malaysia. Herein, two different scenarios, scenario1 (SC1) and scenario2 (SC2), were investigated, with each scenario comprising a different combination of input parameters. This study proposes two artificial intelligence techniques: a multilayer perceptron neural network (MLP-ANN) and an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS). Furthermore, three evaluation indexes were adopted to assess the performance of the proposed models. These indexes are the correlation coefficient, root mean square error, and scatter index. The trial and error method were used to tune the hyperparameters: the number of neurons in the hidden layer, training algorithms, transfer and activation functions, and number and shape of the membership function for the proposed models. Results show that for the above mentioned three stations, the ANFIS model outperformed MLP-ANN by 0.740%, 6.23%, and 9.39%, respectively. To assess the uncertainties of the best model, ANFIS, the percentage of observed data bracketed by 95 percent predicted uncertainties (95PPUs) and the band width of 95 percent confidence intervals (d-factors) are selected. The obtained values bracketed by 95PPUs are show about 75.2%, 77.4%, 76.8% and the d-factor has a value of 0.27, 0.21 and 0.23 at Kudat, Sandakan and Kota Kinabalu stations, respectively. A comparison between the two scenarios shows that SC1 achieved a high level of accuracy on Kudat and Sandakan data, whereas SC2 outperformed SC1 on Kota Kinabalu data. View Full-Text
Keywords: sea level rise; meteorological parameters; prediction; MLP-ANN; ANFIS sea level rise; meteorological parameters; prediction; MLP-ANN; ANFIS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Muslim, T.O.; Ahmed, A.N.; Malek, M.A.; Abdulmohsin Afan, H.; Khaleel Ibrahim, R.; El-Shafie, A.; Sapitang, M.; Sherif, M.; Sefelnasr, A.; El-Shafie, A. Investigating the Influence of Meteorological Parameters on the Accuracy of Sea-Level Prediction Models in Sabah, Malaysia. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1193. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031193

AMA Style

Muslim TO, Ahmed AN, Malek MA, Abdulmohsin Afan H, Khaleel Ibrahim R, El-Shafie A, Sapitang M, Sherif M, Sefelnasr A, El-Shafie A. Investigating the Influence of Meteorological Parameters on the Accuracy of Sea-Level Prediction Models in Sabah, Malaysia. Sustainability. 2020; 12(3):1193. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031193

Chicago/Turabian Style

Muslim, T. O.; Ahmed, Ali N.; Malek, M. A.; Abdulmohsin Afan, Haitham; Khaleel Ibrahim, Rusul; El-Shafie, Amr; Sapitang, Michelle; Sherif, Mohsen; Sefelnasr, Ahmed; El-Shafie, Ahmed. 2020. "Investigating the Influence of Meteorological Parameters on the Accuracy of Sea-Level Prediction Models in Sabah, Malaysia" Sustainability 12, no. 3: 1193. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031193

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