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Open AccessArticle

A Prolongation of the Service Life of Cement-Based Composites by Controlling the Development of Their Strength and Volume Changes

Department of Building Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Radlinského Street 11, 810 05 Bratislava, Slovakia
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Sustainability 2020, 12(20), 8479; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208479
Received: 4 September 2020 / Revised: 29 September 2020 / Accepted: 9 October 2020 / Published: 14 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Building Materials and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA))
As several studies and authors have already proved, the curing of fresh concrete affects the development of its strength and volume changes, which goes hand in hand with the durability and service life of concrete structure. Several studies concerning internal curing (IC) have also been published. They were dedicated to identifying the action of IC by Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA), especially for mixes with low w/c ratios. Some studies have presented various approaches for the design of mixes with IC. Some discrepancies between conventional designs and reality have been identified. A significant one is the calculation of water losses. The initial (conventional) approach defined water losses based on Menzel’s equation. However, in reality, it is valid for only the first few hours. As water losses are essential to an appropriate design of IC, we will demonstrate in this paper the effect of IC on the development of changes in the volume and strength of cement-based composites. Both parameters come into mutual interaction during actual construction and affect the internal stresses of the structure/matrix, which may lead to the formation and development of cracks. The general goal is to mitigate cracks and, thus, prolong the concrete’s service life, which may be achieved by controlling the development of changes in volume along with the development of strength, e.g., by IC. View Full-Text
Keywords: concrete; mortar; prisms; strength; changes in volume; shrinkage; curing; internal curing concrete; mortar; prisms; strength; changes in volume; shrinkage; curing; internal curing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Briatka, P.; Makýš, P.; Gašparík, J. A Prolongation of the Service Life of Cement-Based Composites by Controlling the Development of Their Strength and Volume Changes. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8479. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208479

AMA Style

Briatka P, Makýš P, Gašparík J. A Prolongation of the Service Life of Cement-Based Composites by Controlling the Development of Their Strength and Volume Changes. Sustainability. 2020; 12(20):8479. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208479

Chicago/Turabian Style

Briatka, Peter; Makýš, Peter; Gašparík, Jozef. 2020. "A Prolongation of the Service Life of Cement-Based Composites by Controlling the Development of Their Strength and Volume Changes" Sustainability 12, no. 20: 8479. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208479

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