Next Article in Journal
Changes in Traditional Activities of Industrial Area toward Sustainable Tourism Development
Next Article in Special Issue
The Attitude of Tourist Destination Residents towards the Effects of Overtourism—Kraków Case Study
Previous Article in Journal
Does China’s Pollution Levy Standards Reform Promote Green Growth?
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Business Model in Spa Tourism Enterprises: Case Study from Poland

Tourism Investment Gaps in Poland

Department of Economics, Koszalin University of Technology, 75-343 Koszalin, Poland
Department of Business Administration, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, 6856 Sogndal, Norway
Department of Sports and Tourism, Poznan University of Physical Education, 61-876 Poznan, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6188;
Received: 26 August 2019 / Revised: 21 October 2019 / Accepted: 23 October 2019 / Published: 6 November 2019
Against a rapid and frequently unsustainable development of tourism in Poland, this article aims to recognize the investment attractiveness for tourism in Poland and its spatial diversity in the context of relieving the effects of overtourism. In the first stage, a multi-dimensional indicator model was developed, and then it was used to assess the attractiveness level of cities and rural, urban and urban-rural municipalities in Poland. The results of the study were the basis of the analysis of the attractiveness of cities in relation to their size, location in the tourist region and various forms of tourism. From a theoretical standpoint, the study shows that there is a clear-cut need to redirect tourism investments from the centres to more distinct locations in order to achieve more sustainable development of tourism. Furthermore, it was found, that the main factors that determine the tourism attractiveness of cities are market potential, cultural values, social infrastructure, and in some cases, natural values. The tourist potential of cities and rural areas allows for spatial dispersion of investments and counteracting the concentration of phenomena related to overtourism. The analysis was carried out for 2478 municipalities in Poland. The sums of zero unitarization method was used to assess the level of investment attractiveness. View Full-Text
Keywords: investment gaps; Poland; overtourism; investment attractiveness investment gaps; Poland; overtourism; investment attractiveness
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Zarębski, P.; Kwiatkowski, G.; Malchrowicz-Mośko, E.; Oklevik, O. Tourism Investment Gaps in Poland. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6188.

AMA Style

Zarębski P, Kwiatkowski G, Malchrowicz-Mośko E, Oklevik O. Tourism Investment Gaps in Poland. Sustainability. 2019; 11(22):6188.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zarębski, Patrycjusz, Grzegorz Kwiatkowski, Ewa Malchrowicz-Mośko, and Ove Oklevik. 2019. "Tourism Investment Gaps in Poland" Sustainability 11, no. 22: 6188.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop