Next Article in Journal
Plural Inheritance Laws, Practices and Emergent Types of Property—Implications for Updating the Land Register
Next Article in Special Issue
Truck Scheduling Problem Considering Carbon Emissions under Truck Appointment System
Previous Article in Journal
Habitat Analysis of Endangered Korean Long-Tailed Goral (Naemorhedus caudatus raddeanus) with Weather Forecasting Model
Previous Article in Special Issue
Individually Optimized Commercial Road Transport: A Decision Support System for Customizable Routing Problems
Article

A Simulation Study on the Potential of Moving Urban Freight by a Cross-City Railway Line

Engineering and Applied Sciences Department, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(21), 6088; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11216088
Received: 9 August 2019 / Revised: 11 October 2019 / Accepted: 21 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Urban Logistics)
This paper analyses the scope for moving urban freight through rail by evaluating the utilisation levels of the Cross-City railway line in The United Kingdom (UK), running between Lichfield Trent Valley and Birmingham New Street. A simulation model of the railway system was built and implemented using SIMUL8 computer software. The results from the simulation model suggest that the railway line is being under-utilised. These low utilisation levels of the line presented a case to propose three scenarios that has the potential to carry urban freight by rail through Lichfield Trent Valley to Birmingham New Street Station. The total number of services operated on the line is varied between different scenarios. The proposed three scenarios could not only exploit the existing railway infrastructure by improving the utilisation levels of the currently operating railway line, but also proved to reduce an amount of green-house gases (GHGs) emissions that are caused by heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) moving on the road. After simulating all the proposed scenarios in the SIMUL8 simulation software and analysing the results, scenario number 3 seemed to be the best replacement to the actual system as it presents a case to increase the number of train services running per day by in the line by 108 and causing a drastic improvement in the utilisation levels by an increase of 341.71% to that of the actual system. This proposed system has the potential to eliminate 5400 HGVs moving on the road per day that causes a reduction of CO2 gas by approximately 5.4%. All the scenarios presented in the study assures a sustainable method to move the urban freight by rail that has the potential to reduce congestion and emissions in the West Midlands region of the United Kingdom (UK). View Full-Text
Keywords: urban freight; rail; simulation; SIMUL8; utilisation levels; HGVs; congestion; emission; sustainable urban freight; rail; simulation; SIMUL8; utilisation levels; HGVs; congestion; emission; sustainable
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Potti, P.; Marinov, M.; Sweeney, E. A Simulation Study on the Potential of Moving Urban Freight by a Cross-City Railway Line. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6088. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11216088

AMA Style

Potti P, Marinov M, Sweeney E. A Simulation Study on the Potential of Moving Urban Freight by a Cross-City Railway Line. Sustainability. 2019; 11(21):6088. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11216088

Chicago/Turabian Style

Potti, Praful, Marin Marinov, and Edward Sweeney. 2019. "A Simulation Study on the Potential of Moving Urban Freight by a Cross-City Railway Line" Sustainability 11, no. 21: 6088. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11216088

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop