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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3260; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093260

Simulation of Urban Growth and Urban Living Environment with Release of the Green Belt

1
Department of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, Korea
2
Korea Environment Institute, 370 Sicheong-daero, Sejong 30147, Korea
3
Green Simulation Co., Ltd., 1523 Jungang-daero, Dongrae-gu, Busan 47710, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2018 / Revised: 10 September 2018 / Accepted: 11 September 2018 / Published: 12 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Built Environment and Urban Growth Management)
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Abstract

Green belts in developing or developed countries have been released because city-center development has reached a saturation point, and the strict protections and restrictions within green belts has led to an increase in opposition from local residents and property owners. However, green belt release has led to urban growth within the associated regions and cities, resulting in an increase in the temperature and the accumulation of pollutants in the atmosphere. We intend to prove quantitatively the effect of the release of green belts at the local level based on the interactions among land cover, climate, and air quality and to provide information for policy decisions accordingly. Our simulation results show that the urban areas of Jeju and Chuncheon, in South Korea, where green belts have been completely released, will increase by up to 21.83% by 2025 and 123.93% by 2020, respectively, compared to areas that have retained green belts. The simulations also show that the surface temperature within the released region of Jeju and Chuncheon will increase by up to 0.83% by 2025 and 0.03% by 2020, respectively. The average atmospheric concentrations within the released region of Jeju and Chuncheon were modelled to increase by up to 256.93% by 2025 and 337.29% by 2020, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: green belt; urban growth; land cover; urban living environment; climate change; surface temperature; air quality; atmospheric concentration; conservation; sustainable use green belt; urban growth; land cover; urban living environment; climate change; surface temperature; air quality; atmospheric concentration; conservation; sustainable use
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Jeon, S.; Hong, H.; Kang, S. Simulation of Urban Growth and Urban Living Environment with Release of the Green Belt. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3260.

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