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Assessment of Advanced Natural Ventilation Space Cooling Potential across Southern European Coastal Region

1
Department of Architectural Technology, Barcelona School of Architecture (ETSAB), Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Avinguda Diagonal, 649, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
2
Department of Physics, Barcelona School of Architecture (ETSAB), Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Avinguda Diagonal, 649, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3029; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093029
Received: 28 July 2018 / Revised: 17 August 2018 / Accepted: 24 August 2018 / Published: 26 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability Indicators for Renewable Energy Transition)
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Abstract

Analyzing the Köppen–Geiger climate classification and available climate data for the southern European Mediterranean coast, eight reference geolocations were selected for this analysis: the cities of Valencia, Barcelona, Marseille, Rome, Koper, Split, Athens and Nicosia. The first part of the research applies the climate potential for natural ventilation (CPNV) methodology that evaluates the theoretical availability of natural ventilation (NV) for each city location corresponding to human hygrothermal conditions. The second part of the article evaluates possible cooling energy savings (ES) applying the advanced natural ventilation (ANV) space-cooling strategy. A hypothetical four-story atrium office building model is designed for the building performance simulation (BPS) using mixed-mode (or hybrid-mode) and night-time natural ventilation (NNV) approaches. The objective is to present a comparison overview of possible space cooling ES between chosen geolocations. In the context of the current European Union’s (EU) energy transition (ET) process, the article displays ANV possibilities, as a renewable energy source (RES), in the reduction of building space cooling energy demands (ED) on the electricity grid. View Full-Text
Keywords: advanced natural ventilation; hybrid-ventilation; building performance simulation; energy-efficiency; southern Europe advanced natural ventilation; hybrid-ventilation; building performance simulation; energy-efficiency; southern Europe
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Pesic, N.; Roset Calzada, J.; Muros Alcojor, A. Assessment of Advanced Natural Ventilation Space Cooling Potential across Southern European Coastal Region. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3029.

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