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Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2314; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072314

Understanding the Stakeholders’ Involvement in Utilizing Municipal Solid Waste in Agriculture through Composting: A Case Study of Hanoi, Vietnam

1
College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Siping Road 1239, Shanghai 200092, China
2
Faculty of Architecture and Planning, National University of Civil Engineering, 55 Giai phong, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
3
Department of Public Administration, School of Economics and Management, Tongji University, Tongji Building A, Siping Road 1500, Shanghai 200092, China
4
Faculty of Economics and Rural Development, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Trau Quy, Gia Lam, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 June 2018 / Revised: 29 June 2018 / Accepted: 2 July 2018 / Published: 4 July 2018
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Abstract

Although the involvement of stakeholders is believed to be the key to the success of sustainable municipal waste management, the specific features of stakeholders, as well as their interdependence, have been under-researched. This study employed a multilevel governance approach to understand the manner in which different types of stakeholder networks interact with one another and how their roles should be reinforced. A combination of stakeholder analysis (SA) and social network analysis (SNA) was employed to investigate the perspective of stakeholders in utilizing municipal solid waste (MSW) in agriculture in Hanoi, Vietnam. SA indicated that the local authorities take the main responsibility for the management of MSW in Hanoi. Although other stakeholders express a significant interest in recycling MSW through composting, many of them do not have sufficient power to make any changes to the current system. SNA revealed the fragmentation of the network, as the coordination among the stakeholders is dominated by hierarchical governance, while there is a lack of horizontal cooperation among the sectors. The fragmentation could be attributed to weak legislative framework, lack of trust, financial constraints, and the limited participation of private enterprises. The governance of MSW use in agriculture should be executed through interdependency rather than hierarchy and through a network comprising both state and non-state actors. View Full-Text
Keywords: municipal solid waste; organic waste; stakeholders; composting; social network analysis; agriculture municipal solid waste; organic waste; stakeholders; composting; social network analysis; agriculture
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Le, N.P.; Nguyen, T.T.P.; Zhu, D. Understanding the Stakeholders’ Involvement in Utilizing Municipal Solid Waste in Agriculture through Composting: A Case Study of Hanoi, Vietnam. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2314.

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