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Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 954; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10040954

Sustainable Education: Analyzing the Determinants of University Student Dropout by Nonlinear Panel Data Models

1
Department of Economics, Ajou University, Worldcup-ro 206, Suwon 16499, Korea
2
Department of Public Administration, Ajou University, Worldcup-ro 206, Suwon 16499, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 January 2018 / Revised: 19 March 2018 / Accepted: 20 March 2018 / Published: 25 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Education and Approaches)
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Abstract

University dropout is a serious problem. It affects not only the individual who drops out but also the university and society. However, most previous studies have focused only on the subjective/individual level. University dropout is a very important issue in South Korea, but it has not received much research attention so far. This study examined the possible causes of university dropout in South Korea at the aggregate level, focusing on four fundamental categories: students, resources, faculty, and university characteristics. Three-year balanced panel data from 2013 to 2015 were constructed and estimated by using nonlinear panel data models. The findings show that cost and burden for students, financial resources, qualitative and quantitative features of faculty, and type/size of the university have significant effects on university dropout. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable education; dropout; university student; determinants of dropout; withdrawal sustainable education; dropout; university student; determinants of dropout; withdrawal
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kim, D.; Kim, S. Sustainable Education: Analyzing the Determinants of University Student Dropout by Nonlinear Panel Data Models. Sustainability 2018, 10, 954.

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