To preserve the fun of driving and enhance driving convenience, a smart regenerative braking system (SRS) is developed. The SRS provides automatic regeneration that is appropriate for the driving conditions, but the existing technology has a low level of acceptability and comfort. To solve this problem, this paper presents an automatic regenerative control system based on a deceleration model that reflects the driver’s characteristics. The deceleration model is designed as a parametric model that mimics the driver’s behavior. In addition, it consists of parameters that represent the driver’s characteristics. These parameters are updated online by a learning algorithm. The validation results of the vehicle testing show that the vehicle maintained a safe distance from the leading car while simulating a driver’s behavior. Of all the deceleration that occurred during the testing, 92% was conducted by the automatic regeneration system. In addition, the results of the online learning algorithm are different based on the driver’s deceleration pattern. The presented automatic regenerative control system can be safely used in diverse car-following situations. Moreover, the system’s acceptability is improved by updating the driver characteristics. In the future, the algorithm will be extended for use in more diverse deceleration situations by using intelligent transportation system information.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited