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Article

Characterization and Food Application of the Novel Lytic Phage BECP10: Specifically Recognizes the O-polysaccharide of Escherichia coli O157:H7

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Gachon University, Seongnam 13120, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jennifer Mahony
Viruses 2021, 13(8), 1469; https://doi.org/10.3390/v13081469
Received: 17 June 2021 / Revised: 11 July 2021 / Accepted: 21 July 2021 / Published: 27 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bacteriophages in Food Applications)
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a global concern that causes serious diseases, such as hemolytic uremic syndrome and bloody diarrhea. To control E. coli O157:H7 in food, a novel siphophage, BECP10, that targets the O157 serotype was isolated and characterized. Unlike other E. coli phages, BECP10 can only infect E. coli O157 strains, and thus, did not infect other strains. The 48 kbp genome of BECP10 contained 76 open reading frames (ORFs), including 33 putative functional ORFs. The phage did not contain lysogeny-related modules or toxin-associated genes, suggesting that the phage might be strictly lytic. The tail spike protein (TSP) sequence had very low homology with the reported T1-like phages, indicating that TSP might be related to this unique host spectrum. The specific O-antigen residue of E. coli O157:H7 may be a key factor for phage infection by adsorption and receptor identification. The phage exhibited strong antibacterial activity against E. coli O157:H7 over a broad pH range and showed little development of phage-insensitive mutants. The phage sustained viability on the burger patties and reduced E. coli O157:H7 to a non-detectable level without the emergence of resistant cells at low temperatures for five days. Therefore, phage BECP10 might be a good biocontrol agent for E. coli O157:H7-contaminated food matrices. View Full-Text
Keywords: E. coli O157:H7; bacteriophage; phage receptor; antibacterial activity; food application E. coli O157:H7; bacteriophage; phage receptor; antibacterial activity; food application
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MDPI and ACS Style

Park, D.-W.; Park, J.-H. Characterization and Food Application of the Novel Lytic Phage BECP10: Specifically Recognizes the O-polysaccharide of Escherichia coli O157:H7. Viruses 2021, 13, 1469. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13081469

AMA Style

Park D-W, Park J-H. Characterization and Food Application of the Novel Lytic Phage BECP10: Specifically Recognizes the O-polysaccharide of Escherichia coli O157:H7. Viruses. 2021; 13(8):1469. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13081469

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Do-Won, and Jong-Hyun Park. 2021. "Characterization and Food Application of the Novel Lytic Phage BECP10: Specifically Recognizes the O-polysaccharide of Escherichia coli O157:H7" Viruses 13, no. 8: 1469. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13081469

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