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Antiviral Bioactive Compounds of Mushrooms and Their Antiviral Mechanisms: A Review

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Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Health and Welfare and Education, Gwangju University 277 Hyodeok-ro, Nam-gu, Gwangju 61743, Korea
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Department of Food and Nutrition, School of Food Science and Technology, College of Biotechnology and Natural Resources, Chung-Ang University, 4726 Seodongdaero, Daeduck-myun, Anseong-si, Gyeonggi-do 17546, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mariana Baz and Edin Mifsud
Viruses 2021, 13(2), 350; https://doi.org/10.3390/v13020350
Received: 21 December 2020 / Revised: 15 February 2021 / Accepted: 20 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antivirals for Newly Emerging Viral Diseases of Global Importance)
Mushrooms are used in their natural form as a food supplement and food additive. In addition, several bioactive compounds beneficial for human health have been derived from mushrooms. Among them, polysaccharides, carbohydrate-binding protein, peptides, proteins, enzymes, polyphenols, triterpenes, triterpenoids, and several other compounds exert antiviral activity against DNA and RNA viruses. Their antiviral targets were mostly virus entry, viral genome replication, viral proteins, and cellular proteins and influenced immune modulation, which was evaluated through pre-, simultaneous-, co-, and post-treatment in vitro and in vivo studies. In particular, they treated and relieved the viral diseases caused by herpes simplex virus, influenza virus, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Some mushroom compounds that act against HIV, influenza A virus, and hepatitis C virus showed antiviral effects comparable to those of antiviral drugs. Therefore, bioactive compounds from mushrooms could be candidates for treating viral infections. View Full-Text
Keywords: mushroom; bioactive compound; virus; infection; antiviral mechanism mushroom; bioactive compound; virus; infection; antiviral mechanism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Seo, D.J.; Choi, C. Antiviral Bioactive Compounds of Mushrooms and Their Antiviral Mechanisms: A Review. Viruses 2021, 13, 350. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13020350

AMA Style

Seo DJ, Choi C. Antiviral Bioactive Compounds of Mushrooms and Their Antiviral Mechanisms: A Review. Viruses. 2021; 13(2):350. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13020350

Chicago/Turabian Style

Seo, Dong J.; Choi, Changsun. 2021. "Antiviral Bioactive Compounds of Mushrooms and Their Antiviral Mechanisms: A Review" Viruses 13, no. 2: 350. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13020350

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