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Analysis of the Exposure of Organisms to the Action of Nanomaterials

Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Cracow University of Technology, 24 Warszawska St., 31-155 Cracow, Poland
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Materials 2020, 13(2), 349; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13020349
Received: 13 December 2019 / Revised: 3 January 2020 / Accepted: 9 January 2020 / Published: 12 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Gold and Silver Nanomaterials)
The rapid development of the production of materials containing metal nanoparticles and metal oxides is a potential risk to the environment. The degree of exposure of organisms to nanoparticles increases from year to year, and its effects are not fully known. This is due to the fact that the range of nanoparticle interactions on cells, tissues and the environment requires careful analysis. It is necessary to develop methods for testing the properties of nanomaterials and the mechanisms of their impact on individual cells as well as on entire organisms. The particular need to raise public awareness of the main sources of exposure to nanoparticles should also be highlighted. This paper presents the main sources and possible routes of exposure to metal nanoparticles and metal oxides. Key elements of research on the impact of nanoparticles on organisms, that is, in vitro tests, in vivo tests and methods of detection of nanoparticles in organisms, are presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal nanoparticles; metal oxide nanoparticles; medicine; reducing toxicity; exposure; risk assessment metal nanoparticles; metal oxide nanoparticles; medicine; reducing toxicity; exposure; risk assessment
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Staroń, A.; Długosz, O.; Pulit-Prociak, J.; Banach, M. Analysis of the Exposure of Organisms to the Action of Nanomaterials. Materials 2020, 13, 349.

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