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Open AccessArticle

The Influence of Thrust Force on the Vitality of Bone Chips Harvested for Autologous Augmentation during Dental Implantation

1
Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany
2
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, Technische Universität Dresden, Fetscherstraße 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany
3
Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, Technische Universität Dresden, Fetscherstraße 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany
4
Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology IWS, Winterbergstraße 28, 01277 Dresden, Germany
5
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU, Nöthnitzer Straße 44, 01187 Dresden, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(22), 3695; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12223695
Received: 30 October 2019 / Revised: 4 November 2019 / Accepted: 7 November 2019 / Published: 9 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Materials and Techniques for Dental Implant Treatment)
Bone drill chips that are collected during implant site preparation can be reused as autologous bone-grafting material for alveolar ridge augmentation. This study characterized five market-leading implant drill sets regarding their geometric properties and ability to produce vital bone chips. The drill geometry of each tool of five commercial implant drill sets was characterized while using optical profile projector devices and SEM. Bone chips were collected during the in vitro preparation of porcine jaw bone with the various drill sets. Produced bone chip masses were measured. The bone chips were cultured in vitro and the number of outgrown cells was determined and measurand for vitality. Furthermore, the thrust force and cutting torque were recorded to examine the mechanical loads of the manual drilling process. The tool geometry and set configuration of one out of five implant drill sets appears to be superior regarding chip mass, vitality, and thrust force. It could be proven that there is a correlation between vitality and thrust force. The thrust force is influenced by the cutting behavior of the tool, which in turn depends on the geometry of the tool. The tool geometry has an influence on the vitality of the augmentation material due to this relationship. View Full-Text
Keywords: drilling; thrust force; bone; augmentation; bone chips; vitality; implantation drilling; thrust force; bone; augmentation; bone chips; vitality; implantation
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Ben Achour, A.; Petto, C.; Meißner, H.; Hipp, D.; Nestler, A.; Lauer, G.; Teicher, U. The Influence of Thrust Force on the Vitality of Bone Chips Harvested for Autologous Augmentation during Dental Implantation. Materials 2019, 12, 3695.

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