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Article

Assessment on the Application of Facilitated Transport Membranes in Cement Plants for CO2 Capture

1
School of Engineering, Institute for Materials and Processes, The University of Edinburgh, The King’s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3FB, UK
2
Colacem S.p.A., Via della Vittorina n. 60, 06024 Gubbio, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Attilio Converti
Energies 2021, 14(16), 4772; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14164772
Received: 12 June 2021 / Revised: 9 July 2021 / Accepted: 16 July 2021 / Published: 5 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental and Energetic Valorization of Renewable Resources)
Carbon dioxide capture from cement plant flue gas can play an important role in mitigating CO2 emission that lead to climate change. Among all the technologies evaluated, membranes have potential to be one of the most energy-efficient and low-cost CO2 capture option. In this work, a novel membrane technology, Facilitated Transport Membranes (FTMs), is assessed to further reduce energy demand and cost for CO2 capture in a cement plant. A new process that employs FTMs is simulated and applied to a real clinker production plant in Italy (Colacem, Gubbio). The process is then compared with other carbon capture technologies. Results show that the FTM technology can be competitive with other technologies despite the need of steam to operate the membrane. Despite the benefit in terms of specific emission compared to more established absorption with liquid amines process, further improvements on membrane performances are needed to gain also an economic advantage for carbon capture in the cement industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon capture; cement; membranes; facilitated transport carbon capture; cement; membranes; facilitated transport
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferrari, M.-C.; Amelio, A.; Nardelli, G.M.; Costi, R. Assessment on the Application of Facilitated Transport Membranes in Cement Plants for CO2 Capture. Energies 2021, 14, 4772. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14164772

AMA Style

Ferrari M-C, Amelio A, Nardelli GM, Costi R. Assessment on the Application of Facilitated Transport Membranes in Cement Plants for CO2 Capture. Energies. 2021; 14(16):4772. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14164772

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ferrari, Maria-Chiara, Antonio Amelio, Giuseppe Marino Nardelli, and Riccardo Costi. 2021. "Assessment on the Application of Facilitated Transport Membranes in Cement Plants for CO2 Capture" Energies 14, no. 16: 4772. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14164772

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