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Article

Study on Asymmetry Concentration of Mixed Oil in Products Pipeline

by 1,2,3,*, 4, 1,2,3 and 1,2,3
1
National Engineering Laboratory for Pipeline Safety, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China
2
MOE Key Laboratory of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China
3
Beijing Key Laboratory of Urban Oil and Gas Distribution Technology, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China
4
Department of Applied Physics, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(23), 6398; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13236398
Received: 22 October 2020 / Revised: 1 December 2020 / Accepted: 1 December 2020 / Published: 3 December 2020
Long-distance pipelines transporting multiple product oils such as gasoline, diesel and jet fuel, are important facilities for transporting fossil energy. One major concern in operation is the energy consumption of the pipeline. Energy consumption should be made optimized tracking batches of oils and cutting mixed oil, which requires an accurate prediction of concentration curve. In engineering, the concentration curve is usually assumed to be symmetric, but it is actually asymmetric, which may lead to estimation errors. Thus, the asymmetric concentration of mixed oil should be studied. The formation mechanism of the asymmetry of concentration curve has not been clearly clarified. A new method is proposed to measure the asymmetry of the concentration curve. Quantitative analysis is carried out for each factor on the asymmetry distribution of concentration curve. Based on the convection–diffusion equation, a modified oil-mixing model considering near wall adsorption effect is established. The model shows a good agreement with the Jablonski empirical formula. The error, compared with the experimental results, is less than 5%. The main findings are: (1) deviation volume has a negative correlation with pipe diameter and mean velocity; (2) adsorption coefficient has a greater impact on the length ratio of front and tail oil than diffusion coefficient; (3) the influence of all factors considered on the total length of mixed oil, front oil, tail oil and trail oil are basically the same; (4) if the limit of adsorption concentration in adsorption layer is 1, the reasonable value of adsorption coefficient a and b should be around 0.4. The results reveal the mechanism of asymmetric concentration of product oils and can provide practical suggestions to deal with the mixed oil. View Full-Text
Keywords: batch transportation; concentration curve; asymmetry; tailing phenomenon; product oil batch transportation; concentration curve; asymmetry; tailing phenomenon; product oil
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Wang, B.; Liu, Y.; Liang, Y. Study on Asymmetry Concentration of Mixed Oil in Products Pipeline. Energies 2020, 13, 6398. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13236398

AMA Style

Wang Y, Wang B, Liu Y, Liang Y. Study on Asymmetry Concentration of Mixed Oil in Products Pipeline. Energies. 2020; 13(23):6398. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13236398

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Yi, Baoying Wang, Yang Liu, and Yongtu Liang. 2020. "Study on Asymmetry Concentration of Mixed Oil in Products Pipeline" Energies 13, no. 23: 6398. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13236398

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