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Review

A Comprehensive Review on Classification, Energy Management Strategy, and Control Algorithm for Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Beijing Key Laboratory of Powertrain for New Energy Vehicle, School of Mechanical, Electronic and Control Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
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Energies 2020, 13(20), 5355; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205355
Received: 8 August 2020 / Revised: 24 September 2020 / Accepted: 29 September 2020 / Published: 14 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Energy and Energy Storage Systems)
The energy management strategy (EMS) and control algorithm of a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) directly determine its energy efficiency, control effect, and system reliability. For a certain configuration of an HEV powertrain, the challenge is to develop an efficient EMS and an appropriate control algorithm to satisfy a variety of development objectives while not reducing vehicle performance. In this research, a comprehensive, multi-level classification for HEVs is introduced in detail from the aspects of the degree of hybridization (DoH), the position of the motor, the components and configurations of the powertrain, and whether or not the HEV is charged by external power. The principle and research status of EMSs for each type of HEV are summarized and reviewed. Additionally, the EMSs and control algorithms of HEVs are compared and analyzed from the perspectives of characteristics, applications, real-time abilities, and historical development. Finally, some discussions about potential directions and challenges for future research on the energy management systems of HEVs are presented. This review is expected to bring contribution to the development of efficient, intelligent, and advanced EMSs for future HEV energy management systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid electric vehicles; energy management strategy; algorithm; optimization; classification hybrid electric vehicles; energy management strategy; algorithm; optimization; classification
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xue, Q.; Zhang, X.; Teng, T.; Zhang, J.; Feng, Z.; Lv, Q. A Comprehensive Review on Classification, Energy Management Strategy, and Control Algorithm for Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Energies 2020, 13, 5355. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205355

AMA Style

Xue Q, Zhang X, Teng T, Zhang J, Feng Z, Lv Q. A Comprehensive Review on Classification, Energy Management Strategy, and Control Algorithm for Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Energies. 2020; 13(20):5355. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205355

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xue, Qicheng, Xin Zhang, Teng Teng, Jibao Zhang, Zhiyuan Feng, and Qinyang Lv. 2020. "A Comprehensive Review on Classification, Energy Management Strategy, and Control Algorithm for Hybrid Electric Vehicles" Energies 13, no. 20: 5355. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205355

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