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Open AccessArticle

Hybrid Multimodule DC-DC Converters for Ultrafast Electric Vehicle Chargers

Department of Electrical Engineering, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(18), 4949; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13184949
Received: 16 August 2020 / Revised: 4 September 2020 / Accepted: 15 September 2020 / Published: 21 September 2020
To increase the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs), significant efforts in terms of reducing the charging time are required. Consequently, ultrafast charging (UFC) stations require extensive investigation, particularly considering their higher power level requirements. Accordingly, this paper introduces a hybrid multimodule DC-DC converter-based dual-active bridge (DAB) topology for EV-UFC to achieve high-efficiency and high-power density. The hybrid concept is achieved through employing two different groups of multimodule converters. The first is designed to be in charge of a high fraction of the total required power, operating at a relatively low switching frequency, while the second is designed for a small fraction of the total power, operating at a relatively high switching frequency. To support the power converter controller design, a generalized small-signal model for the hybrid converter is studied. Also, cross feedback output current sharing (CFOCS) control for the hybrid input-series output-parallel (ISOP) converters is examined to ensure uniform power-sharing and ensure the desired fraction of power handled by each multimodule group. The control scheme for a hybrid eight-module ISOP converter of 200 kW is investigated using a reflex charging scheme. The power loss analysis of the hybrid converter is provided and compared to conventional multimodule DC-DC converters. It has been shown that the presented converter can achieve both high efficiency (99.6%) and high power density (10.3 kW/L), compromising between the two other conventional converters. Simulation results are provided using the MatLab/Simulink software to elucidate the presented concept considering parameter mismatches. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultra-fast chargers; input-series input-parallel output-series output-parallel multimodule converter; cross feedback output current sharing; reflex charging ultra-fast chargers; input-series input-parallel output-series output-parallel multimodule converter; cross feedback output current sharing; reflex charging
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MDPI and ACS Style

ElMenshawy, M.; Massoud, A. Hybrid Multimodule DC-DC Converters for Ultrafast Electric Vehicle Chargers. Energies 2020, 13, 4949.

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