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Open AccessArticle

On-Line Estimation of the Ultrasonic Power in a Continuous Flow Sonochemical Reactor

1
Department of Measurements and Control, Silesian University of Technology, Akademicka 2A, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
2
Department of Automatic Control and Robotics, Silesian University of Technology, Akademicka 2A, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
3
Kuncar S.A. ul.Pszczyńska 167C, 43-175 Wyry, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(11), 2952; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13112952
Received: 18 May 2020 / Revised: 4 June 2020 / Accepted: 5 June 2020 / Published: 9 June 2020
Sonochemical reactors can be very effective in many applications, including: degradation of chemical pollutants, inactivation of microorganisms, or production of biofuels. However, due to various factors, the ultrasonic power that is dissipated into sonicated liquid may vary in time. Hence, it is obvious that the ultrasonic power must be known for an optimal design and operation of the sonoreactor. In this paper, we present a method for on-line estimation of the ultrasonic power in continuous flow sonoreactors. In this method, we design an observer that estimates unknown model parameters by using a mathematical model of the sonoreactor and by measuring input and output temperatures in the sonoreactor system. The effectiveness of the method is shown for a simulated and real continuous flow sonoreactors. We also discuss the possibilities of ultrasonic power stabilization by using control algorithms. View Full-Text
Keywords: sonochemical reactor; on-line estimation of reactor parameters; ultrasonic power measurement; mathematical modeling sonochemical reactor; on-line estimation of reactor parameters; ultrasonic power measurement; mathematical modeling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ilewicz, W.; Skupin, P.; Choiński, D.; Błotnicki, W.; Bielecki, Z. On-Line Estimation of the Ultrasonic Power in a Continuous Flow Sonochemical Reactor. Energies 2020, 13, 2952. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13112952

AMA Style

Ilewicz W, Skupin P, Choiński D, Błotnicki W, Bielecki Z. On-Line Estimation of the Ultrasonic Power in a Continuous Flow Sonochemical Reactor. Energies. 2020; 13(11):2952. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13112952

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ilewicz, Witold; Skupin, Piotr; Choiński, Dariusz; Błotnicki, Wojciech; Bielecki, Zdzisław. 2020. "On-Line Estimation of the Ultrasonic Power in a Continuous Flow Sonochemical Reactor" Energies 13, no. 11: 2952. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13112952

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