New O-type high-power vacuum resonant microwave devices are considered in this study: COM klystrons, CSM klystrons and resotrodes. All these devices can output a large amount of power (up to units of MW and higher) with an efficiency of up to 90%. Such devices are promising microwave sources for industrial microwave technologies as well as for microwave energy. The principle of GSP-equivalence for klystrons is described herein, allowing a complete physical analog of this device with other parameters to be created. The existing mathematical and computer models of klystrons are analyzed. The processes of stage-by-stage optimization and the embedding procedure, which leads to COM and to CSM klystrons, are considered. Resotrodes, IOT-type devices with energy regeneration in the input circuit, are also considered. It is shown that these devices can combine high power with an efficiency of up to 90% and a gain of more than 30 dB. Resotrodes with 0-regeneration can be effective sources of radio frequency (RF) power in the range of 20 to 200 MHz. Resotrodes with 2π-regeneration are an effective source of RF/microwave energy in the range of 200 MHz to 1000 MHz.
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