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Article

A Single Intersection Cooperative-Competitive Paradigm in Real Time Traffic Signal Settings Based on Floating Car Data

Department of Civil Engineering, Università della Calabria, Via P. Bucci Cubo 46b, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
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This paper is an extended version of our paper published in Cooperative-Competitive Paradigm in Traffic Signal Synchronization Based on Floating Car Data. In Proceedings of 2018 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2018 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC/I&CPS Europe), Palermo, Italy, 12–15 June 2018.
Energies 2019, 12(3), 409; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030409
Received: 26 December 2018 / Revised: 18 January 2019 / Accepted: 26 January 2019 / Published: 28 January 2019
New technologies such as “connected” and “autonomous” vehicles are going to change the future of traffic signal control and management and possibly will introduce new traffic signal systems that will be based on floating car data (FCD). The use of floating car data to regulate traffic signal systems, in real time, has the potential for an increased sustainability of transportation in terms of energy efficiency, traffic safety and environmental issues. However, research has never explored how not “connected” vehicles would benefit by the implementation of such systems. This paper explores the use of floating car data to regulate traffic signal systems in real-time in a single intersection and in terms of cooperative-competitive paradigm between “connected” vehicles and conventional vehicles. In a dedicated laboratory, developed for testing regulation algorithms, results show that “invisible vehicles” for the system (which are not “connected”) in most simulated cases also benefit when real time traffic signal settings based on floating car data are introduced. Moreover, the study estimates the energy and air quality impacts of a single intersection signal regulation by evaluating fuel consumption and pollutant emissions. Specifically, the study demonstrates that significant improvements in air quality are possible with the introduction of FCD regulated traffic signals. View Full-Text
Keywords: traffic management; transportation sustainability; real time traffic signal settings; traffic simulation; cooperative intelligent transportation systems (ITS); ITS; traffic flow traffic management; transportation sustainability; real time traffic signal settings; traffic simulation; cooperative intelligent transportation systems (ITS); ITS; traffic flow
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MDPI and ACS Style

Astarita, V.; Giofrè, V.P.; Guido, G.; Vitale, A. A Single Intersection Cooperative-Competitive Paradigm in Real Time Traffic Signal Settings Based on Floating Car Data. Energies 2019, 12, 409. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030409

AMA Style

Astarita V, Giofrè VP, Guido G, Vitale A. A Single Intersection Cooperative-Competitive Paradigm in Real Time Traffic Signal Settings Based on Floating Car Data. Energies. 2019; 12(3):409. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030409

Chicago/Turabian Style

Astarita, Vittorio, Vincenzo P. Giofrè, Giuseppe Guido, and Alessandro Vitale. 2019. "A Single Intersection Cooperative-Competitive Paradigm in Real Time Traffic Signal Settings Based on Floating Car Data" Energies 12, no. 3: 409. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030409

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