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Article

Evaluation of the CO2 Emissions Reduction Potential of Li-ion Batteries in Ship Power Systems

1
Laboratory of Advanced Electric Grids (LGrid), Escola Politécnica, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-010, Brazil
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GeePs|Group of Electrical Engineering—Paris, CNRS, CentraleSupélec, University of Paris-Sud, University of Paris-Saclay, Sorbonne University, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Escola Politécnica, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-030, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: 1 Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto, travessa 3 nº 158, Butantã, São Paulo-SP, CEP 05508-010, Brazil. 2 11 rue Joliot Curie, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette, France. 3 Av. Prof. Mello Moraes, 2231, Butantã, São Paulo–SP, CEP 05508-030, Brasil.
Energies 2019, 12(3), 375; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030375
Received: 11 December 2018 / Revised: 31 December 2018 / Accepted: 3 January 2019 / Published: 24 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modeling and Simulation of Carbon Emission Related Issues)
Greenhouse gas emissions are one of the most critical worldwide concerns, and multiple efforts are being proposed to reduce these emissions. Shipping represents around 2% of global CO 2 emissions. Since ship power systems have a high dependence on fossil fuels, hybrid systems using diesel generators and batteries are becoming an interesting solution to reduce CO 2 emissions. In this article, we analyze the potential implementation of Li-ion batteries in a platform supply vessel system through simulations using HOMER software (Hybrid Optimization Model for Multiple Energy Resources). We evaluate the impact of battery characteristics such as round trip efficiency, rated power, and energy capacity. We also evaluate the potential CO 2 emissions reduction that could be achieved with two of the most common types of Li-ion batteries (lithium titanate, lithium iron phosphate). Furthermore, we consider that the Li-ion batteries are installed in a 20 ft container. Results indicate that the lithium iron phosphate battery has a better performance, even though the difference between both technologies is lower than 1% of total emissions. We also analyze the potential emissions reduction for different parts of a mission to an offshore platform for different configurations of the ship power system. The most significant potential CO 2 emissions reduction among the analyzed cases is 8.7% of the total emissions, and it is achieved by the configuration including the main and auxiliary diesel engines as well as batteries. Finally, we present managerial implications of these results for both companies operating ships and ship building companies. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 emissions; HOMER software; hybrid ship power systems; Li-ion battery; shipping CO2 emissions; HOMER software; hybrid ship power systems; Li-ion battery; shipping
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peralta P., C.O.; Vieira, G.T.T.; Meunier, S.; Vale, R.J.; Salles, M.B.C.; Carmo, B.S. Evaluation of the CO2 Emissions Reduction Potential of Li-ion Batteries in Ship Power Systems. Energies 2019, 12, 375. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030375

AMA Style

Peralta P. CO, Vieira GTT, Meunier S, Vale RJ, Salles MBC, Carmo BS. Evaluation of the CO2 Emissions Reduction Potential of Li-ion Batteries in Ship Power Systems. Energies. 2019; 12(3):375. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030375

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peralta P., César O., Giovani T.T. Vieira, Simon Meunier, Rodrigo J. Vale, Mauricio B.C. Salles, and Bruno S. Carmo. 2019. "Evaluation of the CO2 Emissions Reduction Potential of Li-ion Batteries in Ship Power Systems" Energies 12, no. 3: 375. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030375

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