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Open AccessArticle

The Impact of Zero-Mode Inrush Current of T-Hin on Zero-Sequence Overcurrent Protection and an Improved Protection with the Second Harmonic Restraint

1
State Key Laboratory of Advance Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
2
Power Dispatching Control Center of Guangdong Power Grid, Guangzhou 510000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(15), 2911; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12152911
Received: 24 June 2019 / Revised: 18 July 2019 / Accepted: 25 July 2019 / Published: 29 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Techniques for Electronic Power and Energy Systems)
In recent years, the zero-mode inrush current of high-impedance transformer with built-in high-voltage winding (T-Hin), which has large amplitude and decays slowly, causes the misoperation of zero-sequence overcurrent protection. Compared with magnetizing inrush current, the waveform of zero-mode inrush current is inconsistent and irregular, and few researches have proposed the mathematical analysis as well as the improved protection using waveform characteristics. In this paper, the mathematical expression of transformer zero-mode inrush current is derived. Further considering the parameter differences, the zero-mode inrush current of T-Hin is larger, which tends to cause the misoperation. The mathematical waveforms fit well with the recorded waveforms. Both recorded waveforms and mathematical waveforms in various conditions prove that the second harmonic ratio (the ratio between the second harmonic and first harmonic) of zero-mode inrush current is significant. Based on the above analysis, a criterion based on the second harmonic ratio restraint of zero-mode inrush current is proposed. If the second harmonic ratio exceeds the setting value, it is considered that the inrush current is generated and sends a signal to restrain the protection. The theoretical setting value of the proposed criterion and the practical engineering method for determining the setting value are obtained. View Full-Text
Keywords: zero-sequence overcurrent protection; high-impedance transformer; zero-mode inrush current; analytical model; second harmonic ratio; setting method zero-sequence overcurrent protection; high-impedance transformer; zero-mode inrush current; analytical model; second harmonic ratio; setting method
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Cao, W.; Yin, X.; Chen, Y.; Pan, Y.; Yin, X.; Wang, Y. The Impact of Zero-Mode Inrush Current of T-Hin on Zero-Sequence Overcurrent Protection and an Improved Protection with the Second Harmonic Restraint. Energies 2019, 12, 2911.

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