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Why Electricity Demand Is Highly Income-Elastic in Spain: A Cross-Country Comparison Based on an Index-Decomposition Analysis

Facultad Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
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Academic Editor: George Tsatsaronis
Energies 2017, 10(3), 347; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10030347
Received: 1 February 2017 / Revised: 16 February 2017 / Accepted: 6 March 2017 / Published: 11 March 2017
Since 1990, Spain has had one of the highest elasticities of electricity demand in the European Union. We provide an in-depth analysis into the causes of this high elasticity, and we examine how these same causes influence electricity demand in other European countries. To this end, we present an index-decomposition analysis of growth in electricity demand which allows us to identify three key factors in the relationship between gross domestic product (GDP) and electricity demand: (i) structural change; (ii) GDP growth; and (iii) intensity of electricity use. Our findings show that the main differences in electricity demand elasticities across countries and time are accounted for by the fast convergence in residential per capita electricity consumption. This convergence has almost concluded, and we expect the Spanish energy demand elasticity to converge to European standards in the near future. View Full-Text
Keywords: electricity demand income elasticity; index decomposition analysis; long-term demand electricity demand income elasticity; index decomposition analysis; long-term demand
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Pérez-García, J.; Moral-Carcedo, J. Why Electricity Demand Is Highly Income-Elastic in Spain: A Cross-Country Comparison Based on an Index-Decomposition Analysis. Energies 2017, 10, 347.

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