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Regulating Citywide Inclusive Sanitation (CWIS) in Colombia

Aguaconsult, Colchester CO7 9GS, UK
Centro de Pensamiento en Cultura, Territorio y Gestión—Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Manizales 170017, Colombia
Eawag—Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science, 8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland
ETH—Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ricard Giné-Garriga, Guy Hutton, Marcello Basani, Meera Mehta and Dinesh Mehta
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(9), 5669;
Received: 22 March 2022 / Revised: 30 April 2022 / Accepted: 4 May 2022 / Published: 6 May 2022
The conventional top-down scope of relying only on centralised sewerage has proven insufficient to reach the entire global population with safely managed sanitation and meet Sustainable Development Goals 6.2. and 6.3 by 2030. Citywide Inclusive Sanitation (CWIS) has emerged as an approach to accelerate progress by considering different technologies and service provision models within the same city to expand sanitation access equitably and sustainably. However, to generate an enabling environment for CWIS to be implemented successfully, regulatory frameworks must be adapted, as they are often unsuited for non-sewered sanitation solutions. By analysing the Colombian case study through a mixed qualitative methodology comprised of a policy review, semi-structured interviews, and workshops with key stakeholders in the urban sanitation sector, the country’s regulatory framework was evaluated to determine if it is adequate to implement CWIS. Regulations were identified to pose barriers for CWIS and produced a disabling environment for its application. This research proposes recommendations to adapt the regulatory framework to allow CWIS application in Colombia based on the encountered barriers. This is the first comprehensive study on regulations for CWIS in the Latin American context and therefore provides the basis for further research to understand the dynamics related to effective regulations for CWIS globally. View Full-Text
Keywords: Citywide Inclusive Sanitation; regulatory framework; urban sanitation; Colombia Citywide Inclusive Sanitation; regulatory framework; urban sanitation; Colombia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Saker, A.; Bernal Pedraza, A.; Narayan, A.S. Regulating Citywide Inclusive Sanitation (CWIS) in Colombia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 5669.

AMA Style

Saker A, Bernal Pedraza A, Narayan AS. Regulating Citywide Inclusive Sanitation (CWIS) in Colombia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(9):5669.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saker, Analía, Andrea Bernal Pedraza, and Abishek Sankara Narayan. 2022. "Regulating Citywide Inclusive Sanitation (CWIS) in Colombia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 9: 5669.

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