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Open AccessArticle

Gratitude at Work Prospectively Predicts Lower Workplace Materialism: A Three-Wave Longitudinal Study in Chile

1
Programa de Doctorado en Educación y Sociedad, Facultad de Educación y Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago 7550000, Chile
2
Research Institute on Quality of Life, University of Girona, 17004 Girona, Spain
3
Facultad de Educación y Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago 7550000, Chile
4
Facultad de Economía y Negocios, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago 7550000, Chile
5
Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Diego Portales, Santiago 8320000, Chile
6
Escuela de Negocios, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Santiago 7941169, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Susana Llorens Gumbau, Marisa Salanova, Hedy Acosta and Israel Sánchez-Cardona
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3787; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073787
Received: 8 March 2021 / Revised: 28 March 2021 / Accepted: 30 March 2021 / Published: 5 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges in Positive Organizational Psychology)
Materialism at work refers to a higher importance attached to extrinsic (e.g., money, fame, image) versus intrinsic (self-development, affiliation, community participation) employees’ ‘aspirations’. Research from self-determination theory has consistently found that materialism at work is strongly detrimental for both employees and organizations. For example, materialism is negatively associated with lower job satisfaction and engagement and positively associated with higher turnover intentions and job insecurity. Unfortunately, there are no viable strategies for reducing materialism in the workplace yet. In this sense, based on emergent research in psychology, we theorized that dispositional gratitude—a key construct within the Positive Organizational Psychology field—could be a protecting factor against materialism. Further, we conducted a three-wave longitudinal design among a large sample of Chilean workers (n = 1841) to test, for the first time, the longitudinal link between gratitude and materialism. We used two novel methodologies: A cross-lagged panel model (CLPM) to test between-person changes and a trait-state-occasion model (TSO) to test within-person changes. We found that both the CLPM as well as the TSO models showed that gratitude at work prospectively predicted further lower workplace materialism. Specifically, the CLPM shows that individuals with higher than average gratitude at Ti, are more likely to show lower than average materialism at Ti+1. The TSO shows that individuals with a higher than their usual level of gratitude at Ti are more likely to show a lower than their usual level of materialism at Ti+1. Important implications for materialism research as well as for the Positive Organizational Psychology field are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: materialism at work; gratitude at work; longitudinal study; Chile materialism at work; gratitude at work; longitudinal study; Chile
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MDPI and ACS Style

Unanue, J.; Oriol, X.; Oyanedel, J.C.; Rubio, A.; Unanue, W. Gratitude at Work Prospectively Predicts Lower Workplace Materialism: A Three-Wave Longitudinal Study in Chile. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3787. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073787

AMA Style

Unanue J, Oriol X, Oyanedel JC, Rubio A, Unanue W. Gratitude at Work Prospectively Predicts Lower Workplace Materialism: A Three-Wave Longitudinal Study in Chile. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3787. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073787

Chicago/Turabian Style

Unanue, Jesús; Oriol, Xavier; Oyanedel, Juan C.; Rubio, Andrés; Unanue, Wenceslao. 2021. "Gratitude at Work Prospectively Predicts Lower Workplace Materialism: A Three-Wave Longitudinal Study in Chile" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 7: 3787. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073787

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