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Open AccessArticle

Exploring the Role of Personal Demands in the Health-Impairment Process of the Job Demands-Resources Model: A Study among Master Students

1
Department of Population Health Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
2
Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
3
Human Performance Management Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 632; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020632
Received: 29 November 2020 / Revised: 31 December 2020 / Accepted: 4 January 2021 / Published: 13 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health of Child and Young People)
Research shows that students experience substantial levels of burnout during their studies. This study explores the role of personal demands on students’ well-being. After providing a conceptualization of personal demands, we examined the role of personal demands in the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model. Based on the Transactional Model of Stress, we hypothesized that students with high personal demands experience more burnout symptoms because they perceive more elements in their study as demanding (i.e., mediation hypothesis). At the same time, we hypothesized that the associations between study demands and burnout might be stronger for students with high versus low personal demands (i.e., moderation hypothesis). In order to test both hypotheses, we collected data from 578 master students. The data were analyzed with latent moderation and mediation analyses in Mplus. The results showed that students’ personal demands predicted burnout symptoms via the perception of study demands. Personal demands did not moderate the relationship between study demands and burnout. The findings of the present study expand the JD-R model by indicating that personal demands relate to burnout symptoms via the perception of study demands. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: personal demands; study demands; burnout; JD-R model; exhaustion personal demands; study demands; burnout; JD-R model; exhaustion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zeijen, M.E.L.; Brenninkmeijer, V.; Peeters, M.C.W.; Mastenbroek, N.J.J.M. Exploring the Role of Personal Demands in the Health-Impairment Process of the Job Demands-Resources Model: A Study among Master Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 632.

AMA Style

Zeijen MEL, Brenninkmeijer V, Peeters MCW, Mastenbroek NJJM. Exploring the Role of Personal Demands in the Health-Impairment Process of the Job Demands-Resources Model: A Study among Master Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):632.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zeijen, Marijntje E.L.; Brenninkmeijer, Veerle; Peeters, Maria C.W.; Mastenbroek, Nicole J.J.M. 2021. "Exploring the Role of Personal Demands in the Health-Impairment Process of the Job Demands-Resources Model: A Study among Master Students" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 2: 632.

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