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Article

Physical Health and Quality of Life among Older People in the Context of Chinese Culture

by 1,2,3, 1,2,3, 4 and 1,2,3,*
1
School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430056, China
2
Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior, Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430056, China
3
Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430056, China
4
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Medical Psychology, Frauensteige 6, 89075 Ulm, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6798; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136798
Received: 5 June 2021 / Revised: 23 June 2021 / Accepted: 23 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
Population aging has become a crucial problem in China. Recently, the Chinese government has adopted many strategies and policies to solve this problem and improve the quality of life of older individuals. The present study aimed to examine the effect of physical health on quality of life among older individuals in the context of Chinese culture and explore the potential mediating roles of positive cognition and negative emotions in the association between physical health and quality of life. Data were from the wave of 2017–2018 of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. Data on physical health, quality of life, positive cognition, and negative emotions of 15,874 older people were included in the present study. Pathway analysis was conducted by using IBM SPSS AMOS 21.0, and double verified using PROCESS Macro for SPSS 3.5.3. Results showed that physical health was positively associated with quality of life among older individuals in the context of Chinese culture. The effect size was small to moderate. Positive cognition and negative emotions independently and serially mediated the linkage of physical health and quality of life. These findings provided empirical evidence for the activating event-belief-consequence theory of emotion and hierarchy of needs theory and indicated that Chinese older people focused more on physical health rather than mental health. Practitioners could teach older individuals strategies of emotion regulation and cognitive appraisal to improve the quality of life of older individuals. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical health; quality of life; positive cognition; negative emotion; serial mediation; older people; Chinese culture physical health; quality of life; positive cognition; negative emotion; serial mediation; older people; Chinese culture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, L.; Wei, X.; Ma, X.; Ren, Z. Physical Health and Quality of Life among Older People in the Context of Chinese Culture. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6798. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136798

AMA Style

Zhang L, Wei X, Ma X, Ren Z. Physical Health and Quality of Life among Older People in the Context of Chinese Culture. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):6798. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136798

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Lin, Xinjie Wei, Xueyao Ma, and Zhihong Ren. 2021. "Physical Health and Quality of Life among Older People in the Context of Chinese Culture" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 6798. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136798

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