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Brief Report

Walking Cadence during Moderate-Intensity Physical Activity in Pregnant Women

Department of Kinesiology, Samford University, Lakeshore, AL 35229, USA
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Academic Editors: Amanda J. Poprzeczny and Andrea Deussen
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6593; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126593
Received: 5 May 2021 / Revised: 6 June 2021 / Accepted: 15 June 2021 / Published: 19 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet, Adiposity and Metabolic Health in Pregnant Women)
Evidence has established that a cadence of 100 steps/min is indicative of the moderate intensity threshold of 3 metabolic equivalents (METs), but this has only been described in non-pregnant individuals. As metabolic alterations are well established during pregnancy, the purpose of this study was to determine if the walking cadence equivalent to 3 METs in pregnant women is similar to non-pregnant populations. Pregnant females (n = 29; age = 30.3 ± 3.2 years, gestational age = 23.9 ± 6.6 weeks) in their second or third trimester (>12 weeks gestation) completed three stages of treadmill walking for 5 min at different standardized walking speeds: 2.5, 3.0, and 3.5 miles per hour (mph). Oxygen consumption (VO2) and heart rate (HR) were measured each minute and METs were calculated for each stage. Real-time continuous monitoring of walking cadence was evaluated by an OptoGait gait analysis system. Following the three standardized speed stages, participants completed an additional stage walking at a speed that elicited 100 steps/min; VO2 and HR were also collected. A one-sample t-test was used to compare MET values at each stage to the heuristic 3 MET cutoff, and Pearson correlation coefficient was calculated to evaluate the relationship between cadence and METs. Mean cadence increased linearly across the three stages (2.5 mph = 103.7 ± 4.5, 3.0 mph = 112.5 ± 5.3, and 3.5 mph = 120.4 ± 6.2 steps/min), as did METs (2.5 mph = 2.7 ± 1.7, 3.0 mph = 3.2 ± 0.8, and 3.5 mph = 4.3 ± 1.8 METs) regardless of trimester. The average treadmill speed at which women walked at 100 steps/min was 2.4 ± 0.4 mph which elicited an oxygen consumption of 9.5 mL•kg−1•min−1, or 2.7 ± 0.7 METs. There was no significant difference between METs at 3.0 mph and the conventional 3 MET cut point for moderate-intensity PA (p < 0.05). There was a moderate and significant relationship between METs and cadence (2nd trimester: r = 0.51; 3rd trimester: r = 0.42). Current data indicate for the first time that the traditionally used 3 MET cutoff for moderate-intensity activity is appropriate for pregnant women despite metabolic alterations associated with pregnancy. This may have important implications for exercise prescription in pregnant populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: steps; metabolic equivalents; trimester; oxygen consumption; walking speed steps; metabolic equivalents; trimester; oxygen consumption; walking speed
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marshall, M.; Birchfield, B.; Rogers, R.; Senga, J.; Persch, M.; Currie, M.; Schmid, D.; Ballmann, C. Walking Cadence during Moderate-Intensity Physical Activity in Pregnant Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6593. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126593

AMA Style

Marshall M, Birchfield B, Rogers R, Senga J, Persch M, Currie M, Schmid D, Ballmann C. Walking Cadence during Moderate-Intensity Physical Activity in Pregnant Women. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6593. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126593

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marshall, Mallory, Beth Birchfield, Rebecca Rogers, Joyeuse Senga, McKenna Persch, Madison Currie, Daphne Schmid, and Christopher Ballmann. 2021. "Walking Cadence during Moderate-Intensity Physical Activity in Pregnant Women" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6593. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126593

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