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Longitudinal Association of Economic Growth with Lung Function of Chinese Children and Adolescents over 30 Years: Evidence from Seven Successive National Surveys

by 1, 1,2,*, 1,2 and 1
1
Department of Sport Science, College of Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310000, China
2
Center for Sports Modernization and Development, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6592; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126592
Received: 13 May 2021 / Revised: 15 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 19 June 2021
(1) Background: Recent studies reported that decrease in lung function of Chinese children and adolescents continues to decline, although the change has been insignificant and has reached a plateau. However, studies have not explored the relationship between lung function and economic development in China. This study sought to explore the longitudinal association between socio-economic indicators and lung function; (2) Method: Data were obtained from seven successive national surveys conducted by the Chinese National Survey on Students’ Constitution and Health from 1985 to 2014. Lung function of school-age children (7–22 years) was determined using forced vital capacity (FVC). GDP per capita and urbanization ratio were used as economic indicators. A fixed-effects model was employed to examine the longitudinal association after adjusting for height, weight, and time trends; (3) Results: Socio-economic indicators showed a U-curve relationship with lung function of boys and girls from urban and rural areas. Lung function initially decreased with GDP per capita or urbanization ratio and reached a minimum. Lung function then increased with increase in GDP per capita or urbanization ratio. The findings indicate that the relationship between economic growth and lung function is different in different development stages. In less-developed provinces, economic growth was negatively correlated with lung function, whereas, in developed provinces, economic growth was positively correlated with lung function; (4) Conclusion: The findings of the current study show that economic growth has significantly different effects on lung function at different economic levels. Therefore, governments should improve lung health in children and adolescents from low and middle economic regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic growth; lung function; longitudinal association; children and adolescents economic growth; lung function; longitudinal association; children and adolescents
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gan, X.; Yu, K.; Wen, X.; Lu, Y. Longitudinal Association of Economic Growth with Lung Function of Chinese Children and Adolescents over 30 Years: Evidence from Seven Successive National Surveys. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6592. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126592

AMA Style

Gan X, Yu K, Wen X, Lu Y. Longitudinal Association of Economic Growth with Lung Function of Chinese Children and Adolescents over 30 Years: Evidence from Seven Successive National Surveys. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6592. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126592

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gan, Xiaomei, Kehong Yu, Xu Wen, and Yijuan Lu. 2021. "Longitudinal Association of Economic Growth with Lung Function of Chinese Children and Adolescents over 30 Years: Evidence from Seven Successive National Surveys" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6592. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126592

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