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Analysis of the Relationship between Obesity Factors and Health-Related Physical Fitness Factors among People with Intellectual Disabilities in South Korea

by 1 and 2,*
1
Department of Social Physical Education, College of Humanities and Arts, Sunchon National University, Sunchon 57922, Korea
2
Graduate School of Physical Education, College of Arts and Physical Education, Myongji University, Yongin 17058, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sylvia Kirchengast
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6533; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126533
Received: 16 April 2021 / Revised: 6 June 2021 / Accepted: 14 June 2021 / Published: 17 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Disabilities)
Little is known about the relationship between health-related physical fitness factors and obesity-related factors in individuals with intellectual disabilities. We investigated the prevalence of obesity and the relationship between obesity-related factors and health-related physical fitness factors among people with intellectual disabilities in South Korea to identify the physical fitness factors that influence the degree of obesity. For obesity-related factors, we measured body composition (height, weight, body mass index—BMI, and body fat percentage) of 108 subjects with intellectual disabilities (mean ± standard deviation; age = 24.4 ± 8.45 years). For health-related physical fitness factors, we measured muscular strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility. There was a significant negative correlation between muscular endurance and obesity factors (BMI, r = −0.306, p < 0.01; body fat percentage, r = −0.402, p < 0.01). Further, the prevalence of obesity (34.3%) and being overweight (17.6%) among people with intellectual disabilities was high in South Korea. In addition, muscular endurance was found to have a significant effect on the obesity level (β = −0.239, p < 0.000). This suggests that a program that considers muscular endurance should be prioritized when implementing an exercise intervention strategy for the treatment of overweight and obesity among people with intellectual disabilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: people with intellectual disability; overweight; obesity; health-related physical fitness factor; muscular endurance; relationship people with intellectual disability; overweight; obesity; health-related physical fitness factor; muscular endurance; relationship
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jeong, G.; Chun, B. Analysis of the Relationship between Obesity Factors and Health-Related Physical Fitness Factors among People with Intellectual Disabilities in South Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6533. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126533

AMA Style

Jeong G, Chun B. Analysis of the Relationship between Obesity Factors and Health-Related Physical Fitness Factors among People with Intellectual Disabilities in South Korea. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6533. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126533

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jeong, Guyeol, and Buongo Chun. 2021. "Analysis of the Relationship between Obesity Factors and Health-Related Physical Fitness Factors among People with Intellectual Disabilities in South Korea" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6533. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126533

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