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Caffeine Consumption in Children: Innocuous or Deleterious? A Systematic Review

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Academic Area of Nutrition, Autonomous University of the State of Hidalgo, San Agustín Tlaxiaca 42086, Mexico
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Academic Area of Psychology, Autonomous University of the State of Hidalgo, San Agustín Tlaxiaca 42086, Mexico
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Academic Area of Chemistry, Autonomous University of the State of Hidalgo, Mineral de la Reforma 42184, Mexico
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Academic Area of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics, Autonomous University of the State of Hidalgo, Tulancingo de Bravo 43600, Mexico
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2489; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072489
Received: 18 March 2020 / Revised: 30 March 2020 / Accepted: 31 March 2020 / Published: 5 April 2020
Caffeine is the most consumed psychostimulant worldwide. Its use among children is controversial. Although it produces an increase in brain activity, it could hamper growth and development in young consumers. Therefore, the aim of this review was to recognize changes produced by caffeine in children under 12 years of age and to identify the relevant alterations and the conditions of their occurrence. A systematic review of the literature was carried out using PRISMA. Initially, 5468 articles were found from the EBSCO, ScienceDirect, PubMed, and Clarivate Analytics databases. In this review, were retained 24 published articles that met the inclusion criteria. The results obtained showed that caffeine consumption hampers children’s growth and development. In contrast, it supports the activation of the central nervous system and brain energy management. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychostimulant; caffeine; children; growth; development; health effects psychostimulant; caffeine; children; growth; development; health effects
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MDPI and ACS Style

Torres-Ugalde, Y.C.; Romero-Palencia, A.; Román-Gutiérrez, A.D.; Ojeda-Ramírez, D.; Guzmán-Saldaña, R.M.E. Caffeine Consumption in Children: Innocuous or Deleterious? A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2489. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072489

AMA Style

Torres-Ugalde YC, Romero-Palencia A, Román-Gutiérrez AD, Ojeda-Ramírez D, Guzmán-Saldaña RME. Caffeine Consumption in Children: Innocuous or Deleterious? A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2489. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072489

Chicago/Turabian Style

Torres-Ugalde, Yeyetzi C., Angélica Romero-Palencia, Alma D. Román-Gutiérrez, Deyanira Ojeda-Ramírez, and Rebeca M.E. Guzmán-Saldaña. 2020. "Caffeine Consumption in Children: Innocuous or Deleterious? A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2489. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072489

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