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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Academic Performance Following Sport-Related Concussions in Children and Adolescents: A Scoping Review

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Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA
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Department of Library, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7602; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207602
Received: 7 September 2020 / Revised: 29 September 2020 / Accepted: 15 October 2020 / Published: 19 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sport-Related Concussions in Children and Adolescents)
Sport-related concussions (SRC) are an increasingly common concern in young athletes, with long-term cognitive, physiological, behavioral, and psychological adverse outcomes. An estimated 1.1 million to 1.9 million SRCs occur per year in children <18 years old in the United States. The post-concussive state has demonstrated consequences in several domains, including athletics and academics, although much more research has been conducted on the former. The objective of this scoping review was to ascertain findings from published studies on the effects of SRCs on academic performance and quality of life of young student athletes. A total of 175 articles were screened within the PubMed and CINAHL databases, along with a Google search. Fourteen papers fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were analyzed in the review. Quantitative and qualitative data were collated and demonstrated the heterogeneity with which, post-concussion academic performance outcomes were measured; only 4 of the 14 studies utilized formal academic metrics such as changes in grade point average (GPA) or examination scores. While the results overall did show statistically significant implications on academic performance decline after SRC, it is clear that there remains a paucity of research determining the consequences of SRCs on academic performance in the school environment. Further research is needed to better understand how to implement accommodations in the student’s learning environment and guide return-to-learn protocols for student athletes following SRC. View Full-Text
Keywords: sport-related concussion; academic performance; quality of life; learning environment; accommodations sport-related concussion; academic performance; quality of life; learning environment; accommodations
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Neelakantan, M.; Ryali, B.; Cabral, M.D.; Harris, A.; McCarroll, J.; Patel, D.R. Academic Performance Following Sport-Related Concussions in Children and Adolescents: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7602.

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