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Article

Analysis of the Relationship between Asthma and Coffee/Green Tea/Soda Intake

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang 14068, Korea
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Hallym Data Science Laboratory, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang 14068, Korea
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Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Dentistry, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang 14068, Korea
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Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Hanyang University Seoul Hospital, Seoul 04763, Korea
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Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul 05355, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7471; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207471
Received: 1 September 2020 / Revised: 8 October 2020 / Accepted: 10 October 2020 / Published: 14 October 2020
This study aimed to evaluate the association between asthma and the intake of coffee/green tea/soda. We used Health Examinee data from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (2004–2016). The participants (n = 3146 with asthma; n = 158,902 non-asthma) were asked about the frequency and amount of their coffee/green tea/soda intake. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to calculate the adjusted odds ratios (aORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for asthma according to the frequency and amount of coffee/green tea/soda intake. Compared to the group consuming no coffee, the aORs for asthma were 0.82 (95% CI = 0.73–0.93, p = 0.002) in the group consuming coffee 1–2 times/day and 0.87 (95% CI = 0.78–0.97, p = 0.011) in the group consuming coffee in quantities of 1 cup, respectively. However, the frequency and amount of green tea and soda consumption were not significantly associated with asthma after adjusting for coffee consumption (all p > 0.05). These findings were consistent in the female subgroup (1–2 times/day: aOR = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.66–0.87, p < 0.001, and 1 cup each time: aOR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.70–0.90, p < 0.001) but not in the male subgroup. Drinking 1 cup of coffee each time and 1–2 times per day may have protective effects against asthma in a Korean population. However, the associations between asthma and green tea/soda cannot be clearly established. View Full-Text
Keywords: asthma; coffee; tea; sugar-sweetened beverages; caffeine; population surveillance asthma; coffee; tea; sugar-sweetened beverages; caffeine; population surveillance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wee, J.H.; Yoo, D.M.; Byun, S.H.; Song, C.M.; Lee, H.-J.; Park, B.; Park, M.W.; Choi, H.G. Analysis of the Relationship between Asthma and Coffee/Green Tea/Soda Intake. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7471. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207471

AMA Style

Wee JH, Yoo DM, Byun SH, Song CM, Lee H-J, Park B, Park MW, Choi HG. Analysis of the Relationship between Asthma and Coffee/Green Tea/Soda Intake. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7471. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207471

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wee, Jee Hye, Dae Myoung Yoo, Soo Hwan Byun, Chang Myeon Song, Hyo-Jeong Lee, Bumjung Park, Min Woo Park, and Hyo Geun Choi. 2020. "Analysis of the Relationship between Asthma and Coffee/Green Tea/Soda Intake" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 20: 7471. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207471

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