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Article

Mental Well-Being (Depression, Loneliness, Insomnia, Daily Life Fatigue) during COVID-19 Related Home-Confinement—A Study from Poland

1
Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, 90-001 Lodz, Poland
2
Department of Pathophysiology, Medical University of Lublin, 20-090 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Organization and Management in Health Care Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 60-356 Poznań, Poland
4
Department of Family Medicine and Community Nursing, Medical University of Lublin, 20-081 Lublin, Poland
5
Clinic of Internal Medicine, Asthma and Allergy, Medical University of Lodz, 90-001 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7417; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207417
Received: 9 September 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 7 October 2020 / Published: 12 October 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic is a great threat to both physical and mental health as it may lead to psychological stress connected with an economic crisis, threat of unemployment, or fear of losing family members. Emerging data shows that the general public may be vulnerable to the pandemic-related stress and experience frequently prevalent anxiety. A study involving 471 subjects (85.6% female) was conducted online during the COVID-19 pandemic. We used the following scales: Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Revised University of California, Los Angeles (R-UCLA) Loneliness Scale, and Daily Life Fatigue scale (DLF). Women had higher mean scores of depression, loneliness, and daily life fatigue and more often than males started exercising. Among people professionally active before the pandemic, there were more cases of increased alcohol consumption than among students. No differences in alcohol consumption patterns were found between genders. People living alone had higher scores of loneliness and daily life fatigue compared to those living with someone. Respondents who started taking any new drugs during COVID-19 home confinement had higher outcomes in all questionnaires. During home confinement, high scores of depression, insomnia, loneliness, and everyday fatigue were observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; depression; loneliness; insomnia; fatigue; home confinement/isolation COVID-19; depression; loneliness; insomnia; fatigue; home confinement/isolation
MDPI and ACS Style

Bartoszek, A.; Walkowiak, D.; Bartoszek, A.; Kardas, G. Mental Well-Being (Depression, Loneliness, Insomnia, Daily Life Fatigue) during COVID-19 Related Home-Confinement—A Study from Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207417

AMA Style

Bartoszek A, Walkowiak D, Bartoszek A, Kardas G. Mental Well-Being (Depression, Loneliness, Insomnia, Daily Life Fatigue) during COVID-19 Related Home-Confinement—A Study from Poland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207417

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bartoszek, Adrian, Dariusz Walkowiak, Agnieszka Bartoszek, and Grzegorz Kardas. 2020. "Mental Well-Being (Depression, Loneliness, Insomnia, Daily Life Fatigue) during COVID-19 Related Home-Confinement—A Study from Poland" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 20: 7417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207417

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